Orthopedic Surgery
Emergency Medicine



Overview of the Specialty

Orthopedic Surgery is the medical and surgical specialty that includes the study and prevention of musculoskeletal diseases, disorders and injuries and their treatment by medical, surgical and physical methods.

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of 5 years of postgraduate education. There are 161 orthopedic residency programs, accredited by the ACGME for 2012/2013, offering over 600 categorical positions available to U.S. seniors.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Orthopedic surgery residency training programs participate in the National Resident Matching Program. Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for orthopedic surgery residency training positions are summarized in the US Match Statistics table below.

US Match Statistics 2013 2012 2011 2010
Competitiveness* High High High High
# Categorical/ Advanced positions available for U.S. Seniors 693 682 670 656
% U.S. Seniors matched* 81 82 79 80
# Unfilled Categorical/ Advanced Positions 1 0 2 3
# Unmatched U.S. seniors 134 128 154 138

Source: NRMP *Competitiveness is based on the percentage of U.S. seniors who match in each specialty.

Subspecialty/Fellowship Training

Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of an orthopedic surgery residency program is available in adult reconstructive orthopedics, foot and ankle orthopedics, hand surgery, musculoskeletal oncology, orthopedic sports medicine, orthopedic surgery of the spine, orthopedic trauma, and pediatric orthopedics. Detailed information about the scope of these subspecialty training programs, number of positions available and length of training is available in the Graduate Medical Education Directory on line database FREIDA.

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.



5 years of residency

Categorical and advanced positions available

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Subspecialty Length
Foot and Ankle Orthopaedics 1 year
Hand Surgery & Upper Extremity 1 year
Joint Preservation 1 year
Orthopaedic Sports Medicine 1 year
Orthopaedic Surgery of the Spine 1 year
Orthopaedic Trauma 1 year
Pediatric Orthopaedics 1 year


Median,Academic Salary $470,000
Median, Clinical Salary $520,000
Source: AAMC
Create Date: 12-23-2005
Last Modification: 01-27-2014
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis