Family Medicine
Emergency Medicine



Overview of the Specialty

Family medicine physicians are trained to prevent, diagnose and treat a wide variety of ailments in patients of all ages. Although the scope and practice of family medicine is broad, it is a precise discipline, integrating a unique blend of biomedical, behavioral and social sciences. Family medicine focuses on care within the context of the family on a continuing basis. Family physicians employ a diverse range of cognitive and procedural skills and coordinate care with other specialists when necessary. They receive training in surgery, psychiatry, internal medicine, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics and geriatrics.

Training Requirements

Training consists of a minimum of three years of postgraduate education in a ACGME-accredited training program. There are 457 family practice residency programs accredited by the ACGME for 2012/2013 offering over 2,700 categorical positions available to U.S. seniors.

Matching Program Information and Match Statistics

Family medicine residency training programs participate in the NRMP. Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for family practice residency training positions are summarized in the US Match Statistics table below.

US Match Statistics 2013 2012 2011 2010
Competitiveness* Low Low Low Low
# Categorical/ Advanced positions available for U.S. Seniors 3037 2740 2708 2608
% U.S. Seniors matched* 97 98 98 97
# Unfilled Categorical/ Advanced Positions 123 149 153 224
# Unmatched U.S. seniors 59 22 29 27

Source: NRMP    *Competitiveness is based on the percentage of U.S. seniors who match in each specialty.

Subspecialty/Fellowship Training

Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of a family medicine residency training program is available in geriatric medicine and sports medicine. Detailed information about the scope of these subspecialty training programs, number of positions offered and length of training is available in the GMED. Further information can be obtained from the American Medical Association and the Fellowship and Residency Electronic Interactive Database Access page.
American Medical Association (AMA) 

Career Information

FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.



3 years of residency

Categorical and advanced positions available

These are minimum requirements. Some programs may have longer residencies.


Subspecialty Length
Geriatric Medicine 1 year
Sports Medicine 1 year


Median, Academic Salary $184,000
Median, Clinical Salary $200,000
Source: AAMC
Create Date: 12-23-2005
Last Modification: 01-27-2014
Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis