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Medical Mnemonics by Calvin Lee

Anatomy

Fact

Branches of the External Carotid Artery in order starting with the first branch (superior thyroid artery).

See plate 29 in Netter's Atlas of Human Anatomy.

Contributed by Calvin Lee, Surgical Resident, Case Western Reserve on 7/22/98. This is a good "pimp" question/fact when you are in the OR assisting on a thyroid or a carotid case. Know this one!

Mnemonic

Sally Superior Thyroid
Ann Ascending Pharyngeal
Likes Lingual
Flirting Facial
On Occipital
Philidelphia's Posterior auricular
Main Maxillary
Street Superficial temporal

Neurology

Fact

How to remember the basic framework of the Glasgow coma scale?

Mnemonic

Eye opening: 4 eyes (glasses)
Motor: 6 cylinder engine
Verbal: Jackson 5

Gives you a total of 15. (A brick has a GCS of 3)

Cardiology

Fact

For Causes of A-Fib/Flutter:

Mnemonic by Chris
"Get it? ... A-fib.. occurs in the HEART ?? Ok.. well I'm post-call..."

Mnemonic

H= cHf, other cardiomyopathies
E= Enlargement of the atria
A= Alcohol binge drinking
R= Rheumatic heart disease
T= hyperThyroid

Cardiology

Mnemonic for remembering antiarrhythmics

submitted by Jed

Class Drug Mnemonic

Class IA Procainamide Professor
  Quinidine Quackers
  Disopyramide

"dissed" *

Class IB Lidocaine Lydia's
  Phenytoin penny
  Mexiletine Mexican
  Tocainide

Tacos

Class IC Flecainide feeling
  Propafenone

profaned

Class II Propranolol proper
  Beta Blockers

Bertha Butt

Class III Amiodarone amiable
  Bretylium British
  Solatol

socialite

Class IV Verapamil virtually
  Diltiazem

dismembered 'im

Atropine



Adenosine



 
Read as:

Professor Quackers "dissed" - Lydia's penny Mexican tacos. - Feeling profaned, - proper Bertha Butt - (amiable British socialite) - virtually dismembered 'im.

or

Professor Quackers dissed Lydia's Penny Mexican Tacos. Feeling profaned, proper Bertha Butt, (amiable British socialite), virtually dismembered 'im.

*Note: "Dissed" is used here as the slang term "dis" - from dismiss. I.e., "Don't 'dis' me, man!"

Cardiology

Fact

Proven MI.. should be met by M.O.N.A.

submitted by Chris

Mnemonic

M = morphine
O = oxygen
N = nitrates
A = aspirin

Caveat: is suspected right ventricular MI suspected .. hold the Nitrates.
_________________
ACLS (1997).

Pathology

Fact

Classification of hypersensitivity reactions

submitted by Jed.

Mnemonic

"ACID"

Type I Anaphylaxis
Type II Cytotoxic - mediated
Type III Immune - complex
Type IV Delayed hypersensitivity

Surgery

Fact

Causes of post op fever

Submitted by Jed

Mnemonic

Remember the following mnemonic when determining the possible cause(s) of fever in a patient who has recently undergone a surgical procedure: the 5 W's (or 6 W's)

Wind: the pulmonary system is the primary source of fever in the first 48 hours.

Wound: there might be an infection at the surgical site.

Water: check intravenous access site for signs of phlebitis.

Walk: deep venous thrombosis can develop due to pelvic pooling or restricted mobility related to pain and fatigue.

Whiz: a urinary tract infection is possible if urinary catheterization was required.

Also Wonder drugs - drug fevers.
(added by Calvin Lee)

Pulmonary

Fact

Treatment of acute pulmonary edema

Submitted by Jed

Mnemonic

As Easy as 'LMNOP'

Remember the mnemonic LMNOP when treating a patient with acute pulmonary edema:

Lasix (furosemide) intravenous (IV), one to two times the patient's usual dose, or 40 mg if the patient does not usually take the drug.

Morphine sulfate. Initial dose, 4 to 8 mg IV (subcutaneous administration is effective in milder cases); may repeat in 2 to 4 hours. Avoid respiratory depression. Morphine increases venous capacity, lowering left atrial pressure, and relieves anxiety, which reduces the efficiency of ventilation.

Nitroglycerin IV, 5 to 10 ug/min. Increase by 5 ug/min q 3 to 5 minutes. Reduces left ventricular preload. Caution: may cause hypotension.

Oxygen, 100% given to obtain an arterial PO2>60 mm Hg.

Position patient sitting up with legs dangling over the side of the bed. This facilitates respiration and reduces venous return.

Urology

Fact

Causes of acute and reversible forms of urinary incontinence

Submitted by Jed

Mnemonic

The following mnemonic aids in remembering the causes of acute and reversible forms of urinary incontinence - DRIP:

D:   Delirium
R:   Restricted mobility, retention
I:   Infection, inflammation, impaction (fecal)
P:   Polyuria, pharmaceuticals

Urology

Fact

Causes of hematuria

Submitted by Jed

Mnemonic

Use the mnemonic SITTT as an aid in evaluating the cause of hematuria:

S: Stone

 I: Infection

  T: Trauma

   T: Tumor

    T: Tuberculosis

Endocrine

Fact

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism

Submitted by Jed

Mnemonic

Remember the following mnemonic when evaluating patients for hyperthyroidism:

S: Sweating

T: Tremor or Tachycardia

I: Intolerance to heat, Irregular menstruation, and Irritability

N: Nervousness

G: Goiter and Gastrointestinal (loose stools/diarrhea).

Cardiology

Fact

5 T's of early cyanosis:

Sumbitted by Ben Humphreys

Mnemonic

Tetralogy, Transposition, Truncus, Total anomalous, Tricuspid atresia