A) opeerant conditioning
(B) classical conditioning
(C) cognitive map
(D) stimulus generalization
(E) shaping
(F) reciprocal inhibition
(G) Premack's principle
(H) extinnction
1. A child likees to play pinball, and neglects eating food. The parents are told to allow the child to play pinball only after eating.
2. A child who was bitten by a snake is afraid of a rope.
3 A child who developed a phobia of ropes after being bitten by a snake is exposed to a rope repeatedly. He is no longer phobic of the rope.
4. A bell is rung just before presenting food to a dog. Eventually, the dog salivates at the sound of the bell alone.
5. A patient who is phobic of spiders is put in a relaxed state by suggestion and soothing music. While in this relaxed state, a photograph of a spider is presented to the patient.
6. In order to induce an animal to press a lever, food is given when the animal approaches the lever. Then, food is given when it touches the lever. Then, food is given only when the animal actually presses the lever. .
7. When a person thinks about biting into a sour apple, salivation occurs.