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  1. #1
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    Student Informational Thread on AUC & St. Maarten


    Hope this helps, and let me know if there are any suggestions or comments.
    Table of Contents, Announcements, Intro, AUC
    I. Introduction, Table of Contents, AUC
    II. Clubs and Organizations/Extracurricular Activities
    III. Classes
    IV. Shopping for Food/Necessities/Education
    V. Sports, Activities, & Tournaments
    VI. Other Activities around St. Maarten
    VII. Religion
    VIII. Restaurants
    IX. All about St. Maarten
    a. Part II
    b. Part III
    c. Part IV(Holidays)
    X. FAQs
    XI. Links
    XII. Blogs
    XIII. Learning Languages (Dutch, French, Spanish, Papiamento)



    The school is expanding by constructing a new building for future classes, cafeteria, anatomy lab and I think the gym/recreational area would be there also while the current building would be mainly converted into an administrative building later on. It is supposively planned to finish within 1-2 years. From when I was there for graduation the part of the parking lot was closed and the basketball court was torn down. Other than that I'm not sure of any new updates since I don't have any contacts with newer students about any changes. So for any questions about recent activities by students please ask in the main American University of the Caribbean forum page. Hope this helps.

    Edit 09/11/12

    __________________________________________________ _________

    XII. Just checked the links and placed on the side if the blogs has been discontinued or required permission. I'll leave them up for a bit to see if there are any changes.

    XIII. Checked the links of all the languages and edited, added, and deleted some links based on whether it was working or not.

    Edit 9/18/10
    I. XII. Blogs title added, XIII. Learning Languages (Dutch, French, Spanish, and Papiamento) title added
    II. Kayak club info typo corrected. Anatomy lab TA changed to Anatomy Lab Demonstrator. Additional info added to Anatomy Lab Demonstrator. If someone could let me know if the Canadian Medical Student Association is officially part of the SGA, it would be greatly appreciated.
    X. “Where can I find Music Equipment?” added to FAQ.
    XII. XII. Blogs added
    XIII. XIII. Learning Languages added.

    Update: Links are checked and functional. Only exception is the paintball main website(facebook is functional). I'll leave it there for awhile to see if they start up again.
    II. alpha phi omega edited/links added to sga and dive club/
    IV. Indian shop edit & clarified/colors added to headings to make it clearer in ACE and Le Grande Marche/may super center & save a lot homecenter added/link activated in dental/link activated in police/info added in taxi
    V. link added in basketball/Info added in soccer/edit paragraph in tennis/
    VI. Link added in heading/link activated in casinos/library section edited/edited section in theater/link added in paintball/link added in watersport
    VII. seventh day adventist added/heading colors changed to make it clearer/location/mass time description added in french catholic mass/
    VIII. Link added in heading
    X. laundry section edited/directory link corrected/removal of extra link in maps/haircut question added/events of the week info added
    links. 4 links added to overview/2 links added to history/11 links added to org/institution/education. 5/19/10

    Well, the 1st part of the project is finished. I hope that this will help future students coming to AUC and St. Maarten. 4/12/10


    Hi everyone, at first I started out making this as a way to help students find a local catholic mass in the area, since many I encounter are surprised that one even existed after being around for several semester. This turned out later to being a larger project to help future students get a better idea about St. Maarten and AUC from a student perspective rather than through tourist information or brochures. I realize that as time goes by, things may come and go. I hope that students would keep that in mind and hopefully future students on ValueMd can contribute by adding additional information that might be helpful, remove old information that is obsolete, or just update the information if there is a change (location, times, roles, etc.) to help it be an active, organic thread.
    As many of you know, AUC is one of the big 4 schools in the Caribbean since it is accredited in all 50 states. It is situated in the Island of St. Maarten/St. Martin on the dutch side (St. Maarten) in the Cupecoy area.
    It is a year round school which accepts students in the September(Fall), January(winter), and May(Summer) semester and you do 5 semesters for your basic sciences. The Fall semester is the biggest class with close to 200 incoming students, then the winter with about 100-120 students and the Summer being the smallest with about 60-80 students(though the most recent class is about 100 students). From what I know, the winter and summer semesters has an advantage over the fall semester due to smaller class sizes meaning greater chances to get a clinical rotation spot and more time to study for the USMLE and still get a desired spot.
    In clinical rotations, there are four major sites, the New York Area, Michigan, California and UK. In these areas you can do all your cores without going anywhere. You can only do the cores in the UK and then do the electives in the US, while the other sites you can do both cores and electives (If you want Texas Licensure you can’t do psych in the California site). Then there are other sites around the US that have some rotations, but not all rotations. That can be found in the AUC clinical rotation thread. Moreover, the cores have to be done in affiliated sites with AUC(Unless you have a specific hospital/university sign a contract with AUC, which I have only heard of one case), while electives doesn’t have to be affiliated with AUC(but still must be greenbook).
    Parts of AUC
    The school can be divided up to 5 parts: The main Building, the Dorms, the Gym, the gazebos, and the basketball court/green area
    The Main Building
    1st floor
    The Rotunda:
    The rotunda is the center area where everything is connected from the building itself to the students. Many meet in this area and talk and many events or meetings start in this area before going to another area of the school. Since this is the main gathering area you tend to hear other people and rumors start which is where you sometimes hear “Dr. Rotunda says” in Valuemd or in the school itself.
    This will be the starting point to know where each area is located. If you are facing the direction of the statue with the bathroom doors behind you and at the center of the rotunda, you’ll find on your left: double doors leading to the outside to get to note services, farther out you’ll see the Dorms, gym going downstairs(and ICM wing), picnic tables on your right and Gazebos on your left; going to your right before note services you’ll find Lecture Hall 1(on your right down the stairs), Lecture Hall 4(going farther down on your let), the Microbiology Lab(near the note service), and Microbiology Dept(going down the hallway around the corner). You’ll find Lecture Hall 2; Lecture Hall 3 near Lecture Hall 2 entrance, the stairs, and the Registrar Office 10 o’clock in your Direction within the rotunda.
    You’ll find on your right: double doors leading to the outside where you can find the Anatomy Wing on your right, Anatomy Lab on your left, the entrance of AUC where the guard Shack is and a playground. Within the rotunda on your right you’ll see the Housing Dept 1 o’ clock and immigration next to it; the multipurpose room is just past the stairs.
    Note Services:
    It is the place where you can purchase notes for the semester which is $150 and can purchase souvenirs and some school supplies, but is usually more expensive. They also handle books that were ordered through university books online and handle mail also. There are 2 bulletins used as a notification/reminder for new notes, mailing, and immigration papers.
    Lecture Hall 1:
    The Largest of all the Lecture Halls, which has 300 seats in the area and usually holds the Fall Semester class until 5th semester when the new Fall semester comes. There are multiple exits/entrances. If you’re facing the stage, behind you are 2 double doors leading to a hallway with bathrooms and going outside would lead you to the Dorms and gym straight ahead, ICM wing on your right, and stair on your left to go to the picnic and gazebos area.
    Lecture Hall 2:
    The Second largest, which has 200 seats. At the moment the only exit/entrance is the rotunda since the other exit to the outside is now locked.
    Lecture Hall 3:
    The smallest of all lecture halls, it is used as a designated study area when there is no class and there is an entrance/exit to the outside and to the rotunda.
    Lecture Hall 4:
    Another Lecture hall for a class found to the left of the statue facing the basketball court. It is open for studying after the classes are done.
    Multipurpose Room:
    It is exactly what the name means, it is used for many things from CPR classes, SGA meetings, club meetings, studying, salsa/swing dancing lessons, aerobic exercises, mixed martial arts, special events, etc.
    The Registrar Office:
    It is the main place where they send out the mass e-mails, handle grades, getting your student IDs student information, etc. If you’re part of a club/org that need to send out a mass e-mail it has to be sent to the registrar and I believe the dean also to have it approved. It is also the place to approve of putting up flyers on campus. And is also another place to look for lost and found
    The Housing Department:
    They’re the group that handles the maintenance of the university in getting supplies and fixing anything at the university. They also provide information to students on available apartments which can be given by e-mail. In addition, they handle car tags/permits, and can guide/collaborate with getting and finding materials around the island. They also tell you the format of the bill sale when selling the car to another person.
    The Immigration Department:
    This department handles getting your documents ready by your 2nd semester so that you become a temporary resident of St. Maarten while you’re studying on the island. Moreover, this department also has the seal needed to make the bill of sale official when selling your car to another person(Instead of going to Philipsburg to get it).
    Anatomy Wing:
    It is the place where there are professors from different departments such as anatomy and ICM.
    Anatomy Lab:
    Consist of the dry lab and wet lab. The wet lab is where you get to dissect and learn the human body. In the dry lab you get to see the radiographs, simulated CT scans of the body and bone structures to learn about the human body.
    Microbiology Lab:
    Not sure too much about this. It is used for the research done at AUC, and back when I started at the beginning of the semester was also the place to get your books ordered online.
    Microbiology Wing:
    Where the immunology/microbiology professors are at. It is tucked away near end of the picnic tables area.
    ICM Wing
    Found outside downstairs near the Lecture Hall 1 and the Gym. There are professors who have office hours in the area, and rooms that have classes for ICM. When there isn’t class, it is also used as a study area for students to use.
    2nd floor
    Starting in the same place at the Rotunda with the back facing the bathrooms and facing the statue outside you’ll see in front 2 doors which have 2 offices each. The door on the left have the offices of the Associate Dean of Student Affairs and the Associate Dean of Basic Sciences. The door on the right has the office of the Associate Dean of Academic Affairs. On your left you’ll have the stairs to the 1st floor of the rotunda and 3 double doors; one leads to the library(only used by staff), the other to the dean’s office, and the other leads to the outside where you would find the professor’s offices, the cafeteria and stairs to the first floor. On your right you have the stairs leading to the 1st floor of the rotunda, the library and double doors to the outside which have the research rooms, IT department, stairs leading to the 1st floor, professor’s offices, The Director of Community Affair’s office, Chertok hall and the business office all the way at the end of the hallway.
    Dean and Associate Dean
    Both the dean and the Associate Deans are willing to help and are open to student concerns, they’re willing to listen and give advice to students and try their best to put them in the right direction.
    Room where the Assoc. Dean of Student Affairs and Assoc. dean of Basic Sciences
    There is a phone available for students who need to resolve any problem regarding tuition, financial aid, etc. It can be used to call anywhere around the United States free of charge. The Associate deans do allow students to call their families/love ones also.
    The Cafeteria
    Now open till 4pm. It is also used as a study area and group study since you can talk there. There is also a television with cable many different channels. You have to go on the table to change channels manually(see FAQ/misc for channel list).
    The Library
    The library has 5 rooms. In one room, it contains the books for all the subjects, articles, magazines, and leisure books, and also has tables for students to study in the area. In another room is the computer lab where you can browse around the internet, use it for studying, listening to heart, lung sounds, use sylvius (neuroanatomy atlas), view and listen to Kaplan videos, using the Up to date directory, etc. They also have OVID online directory for students to connect to it from around the world. Making print outs is 10 cents per page. You can also bring or request headphones from the person overseeing the computer lab. The next room is the ICM room which is used for ICM classes, CPR classes, and the area for Dengue Research. The 4th room is a reading room with cushioned chairs. And the last room is only table and chairs throughout the area. In addition, the library is the place to make copies, staple, punch holes, and also a place to look for lost and found.
    IT Department
    They help you with your needs in the computer lab in the library, any of the lecture halls, and also your personal computer.
    Office of Director of Community Affairs
    The person is helpful in getting contacts with organizations around the island to collaborate with events and community service. It is best to talk to her at that that moment since she’s busy going around the island helping out the community.
    Chertok Hall
    Another classroom that have a semester class there. Not sure how much it holds, but in the back of the room is the Harvey Lab that ICM students go to. It is also used as a designated study room when class is not in session.
    Business Department
    It is the place that handles the financial part of the school and the tuition of the students. This is the place where you get your checks during your first few days of the semester.
    Not sure about the price of the Dorms. But the advantage with living in the Dorms is that you don’t have to worry about power outages or water outages that occur around the island. Unfortunately, the 1st and 5th semesters get the priority, and in between you can maybe stay by the luck of a draw. Another way to be in the Dorm is to be a Resident Advisor. There are 5 floors in the Dorms and the rooms can either be single or double with single usually being more costly. There is internet but there are restrictions on the certain sites, and online gaming, etc. Moreover, there are ICM rooms that can be used for studying when there is no class going on and you can also enjoy the scenery at day and night on the rooftop of the Dorms.
    The Gym
    A small gym but has the necessary equipments from free weights, bench press, treadmills, elliptical, leg presses, fl y machines etc. There is also a water fountain and bathrooms near the gym also. There are 2 tvs that can has cable for anyone who wants to watch tv. You have to have it on Channel 3 and you can change the cable tv by remote or manually by using a stool to reach the buttons (See FAQ/Misc for channel list).
    The Gazebos
    It is an area where event occur such as the 1st semester sale and the 5th semester sale. It can be use for other things such as gatherings and studying. It has outlets in the area also.
    The Basketball court/green area
    It is the area that is used for students that want to play basketball and indoor soccer. (More info on sports under activities)
    List of Contacts
    Last edited by HonorDac; 09-11-2012 at 12:34 PM.

  2. #2
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    II. Clubs and Organizations/ Extracurricular Activities
    In any club/organization, it is required to have at least a 75% gpa average to become an E-Board member
    Clubs and Organizations
    Alpha Phi Omega Honor and Service Society:
    An organization in which membership is gain through merit. A student must have an 85.0 gpa(no rounding up) and have done 2 community service activities. You get opportunities to be run and be involved with community service projects, interview prospecting candidates, interviewing students being reviewed by the committee and many more.
    American Medical Student Association (AMSA):
    A very large organization that does many projects such as suturing, radiology and EKG workshop, phlebotomy, and different types of community projects. It has participated in the Culture with the DC. Can be contacted by AMSA.AUC@gmail.com
    American Medical Women Association (AMWA): A club that does come community services such as taking children to different parts of the island & does food drive events. They are also involved in Breast Cancer awareness in promoting women’s health in medicine.
    Bisexual, Gay, Lesbian, (BGLAM):,An organization that has done national LGBT awareness week, and has co-sponsor with AMSA by Dr. Volker. It is hoping to provide Community outreach, sponsored 5k run, development of ally program, permanent safe zone, friendly establishment on the island. It has participated in the Culture Week with the DC. Can be contacted by bglamauc@gmail.com
    Christian Medical and Dental Association (CMDA): A club that is open to any community and provides church services at 10am by video. They allow students to participate in singing and using their musical instruments. They also do weekly bible studies and is in charge of doing the ICAN foundation. It has participated in the Culture with the DC.
    Canadian Medical Student Association (CMSA):
    If possible, please provide information on the club. It was under process and I’m not sure if it is already official.
    Diversity Council (DC):
    An organization that committed to addressing issues including, but not limited to: ethnicity, religion, gender, sexual orientation, socioeconomic status, language and culture in either academic or community settings. They have collaborated with many organizations in doing the cultural week, the AUC got talent show, and the St. Maarten Day Fair. They serve to provide a greater voice to the clubs that supports and collaborates with it. The current clubs supporters (that send DC representatives) with the DC are AMSA, BLGAM, CMDA, IAPMSO, MSA, JMSA, and SNMA. A misconception is that you have to be in a club supporter with the DC to attend the meetings and have voting power. Can be contacted by aucdiversity@gmail.com
    http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=183056084620&ref=search&sid=56305005 .3998871463..1
    Islander and Asian Pacific Medical Student Organization (IAPMSO): A club that has done lectures and events on different cultures in Asia. It has also participated in the culture week with the DC. Can be contacted by auc.iapmso@gmail.com
    Latin Medical Student Association (LMSA): A club the provides information for the AUC community about the culture of the latin community and how it affects patient care. They would be providing seminars to learn and practice Spanish throughout the semester (currently after every block but could change).
    Jewish Medical Student Association (JMSA): A club that promotes a community, prayer, social getherings, potlucks and celebration of the Jewish Holidays. They also do community services and have in the past collaborated with the AIDS foundation. Can be contacted by JMSAAUC@gmail.com
    http://www.facebook.com/home.php?#!/group.php?gid=5368173086&ref=search&sid=56305005.3 998871463..1
    Muslim Student Association (MSA):
    In MSA they do several events such as prayer, celebrate important religious holidays, and do potlucks events. In addition, they do several community service activities to help out the community of St. Maarten.
    http://www.facebook.com/group.php?gid=183056084620&ref=search&sid=56305005 .3998871463..1#!/group.php?gid=2263879564&ref=search&sid=56305005.2 924097941..1
    Phi Chi Medical Fraternity
    A large organization at the University. They provide many opportunities for students to be able to be active within and outside the school. They do many community service projects, activities, and social events.
    Spouses Organization
    An active group that helps bring unity among friends and spouses while they’re on the island. They help each other out and do many activities together. Can be contacted by aucspousesorg@gmail.com
    http://www.facebook.com/group.php?sid=caaab398c828f82407f146b397ac74d2&gid =73657861369&ref=search
    Survival guide pdf found on the AUC website (good for students also)
    Student Government Association (SGA): The SGA is the one that oversees all the clubs and makes decisions on the distribution of funds and events that occur throughout the semester. They also provide insight during the meetings with other club and organizations on what is going on throughout the school. A misconception is that you can only be a representative of a club/organization under the SGA to attend the meetings, it is open for anyone to come in to attend (but no voting power). Can be contacted by sgaauc@gmail.com
    Student Judiciary Committee (SJC): It is involved in resolving and mediating student conflicts throughout the semester and provides ethic workshops for the incoming students during the beginning of the semesters on possible dilemmas to professionalism and withholding the Honor Code.
    Clubs not under SGA
    Diving Club:
    It is an unofficial club in which students who are dive certified or wish to get dive certified get together to go to different dive sites. They collaborate with Octopus diving to help students get certified and they provide student discounts.
    Kayaking Club:
    Another unofficial club, you have to find someone who has access to it to be able to use it. They are found somewhere in Cote d’ Azur marina.
    Extracurricular Activities
    Anatomy Lab Demonstrator (TA old term)
    Being an Anatomy Demonstrator is one of the first things you might be exposed to becoming. You have to do well in your Anatomy course usually above 83% and do alright in your other classes. If you stand out, then the professor would notice and give you the opportunity. If you don’t get to become an Anatomy TA, there is still a chance if you prove capable of doing well in all your classes in the next semester. Usually being anatomy TA allows you to help other students in directing them how to dissect the cadavers, or even teach them some anatomy if you wish to do so. You get to prepare the cadavers if necessary, do some research if provided, and set up the mock exam for the students to help them practice. There are day and night shifts. I think night shifts usually work less hours, but get more opportunity to teach students than day. Also, in the near future, Anatomy Lab Demonstrators will have the opportunity to being certified Dissectors.
    Class Tutors
    To be a class tutor, you have to have a 90 or above and stand out. You get the opportunity to teach your peers on what you feel are the high yields for the class so that your fellow colleagues could succeed. It tends to take some time for preparation, but it is a good experience since it helps you refresh your memory for the class and help you know that you know the material.
    IT Committee
    Students that aid the IT department in any types of issues relating to technical support, infrastructure, maintenance and improvements. Not sure what are the requirements or technical/background requirements are needed.
    MCB Research
    The research involves sickle cell research on the island. Must have >75% to do research related to MCB.
    Microbiology Research
    The research that is done for Microbiology is the Dengue Research. It is done once a semester, but there is preparation and consolidation of data results involved. Pretty much it is about checking whether people who are infected may have a chance to have a low enough titer over a period of time where the person would be back to undetectable antibody.
    Movie Guy/Movie Girl
    A duo of students that provide a selection of movies for every weekend. Not sure of the requirements, but usually available when the current Movie Guy/Movie Girl steps down.
    Orientation Advisor
    You get an opportunity to apply being an OA during your first semester so you can help future incoming students in any questions they have. You have the opportunity to serve as a guide, mentor, and friend in being proactive to show/give info to them about the island and about the classes. I think the requirement is a 75% average to be an OA.
    Resident Advisor
    The resident Advisor has the opportunity to help out students with problems in the dorms and helping them with any questions they have. You also get your own room free for being a Resident Advisor. Not sure what the requirement is, but I think it is 75% gpa average and have to go through an interview process.
    Last edited by HonorDac; 09-10-2010 at 05:04 PM.

  3. #3
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    III. Classes
    This area is to give an idea about the topics that students may be taught while in the class. Since the topics may change over a period of time, specifics are not included. Moreover, there is a list of books that may be helpful for students while studying. Depending on your studying style, you would read them or only use them as reference. This is by no means complete, but this is what I’ve heard from other students both Honors and regular to be helpful or popular to use for them while taking the class or preparing for the USMLE.
    1st Semester
    In general, the class starts with an overview of the structures and eventually goes section by section of different parts of the body throughout the course. In the anatomy lab, student groups are usually 4-8 people depending on the semester you’re in and students rotate each day to either dissect or be in the computer lab. For embryology, it is a short crash course of about 10 to 2 weeks of lectures twice a day. Each student is different. Some just jot down the notes from the lecture, others read the summaries at the end of chapter of the Langman Medical Embryology book and others just read the whole book.
    Langman’s Medical Embryology
    Other Books:
    BRS Anatomy
    Michigan Website
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    Moore and Dalley
    MCB I
    In this course you get your biochemistry of DNA transcription/translation and laboratory usages, and your genetics lectures, and depending on the professor it’ll detailed oriented or concept based.
    Clinical Genetics
    Lehninger Principle of Biochemisty
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    In this course you learn what is the normal function and structure in all the organ based systems. Unfortunately many students fail it for underestimating the course and/or putting it off for the last minute because they put priority of Anatomy or MCB I over Histology.
    2nd Semester
    MCB II
    In this course you get your biochemistry of glycolysis, kreb cycle, etc, and Molecular and Cellular Biology of organelles. In addition you learn about diseases associated with blockage of pathways and cancer.
    Other Books:
    Lippincott’s Biochemistry
    BRS Cellular and Molecular Biology (Green)
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    In the lectures you’ll learn everything about B and T cell formation, activation and function, complement, hypersensitivities, and immune diseases.
    Other Books:
    Physiology I
    This course starts with the basics of fluid physiology, to sympathetic and parasympathetics, muscle, cardac, gastric etc. You get many different visiting professors and the experience varies from semester to semester. If you struggle through the course Costanzo or the monographs (Lange or Mosby) would go into more detail about the topic, though I’ve known several students doing Berne and Levy and Guyton Hall also..
    Books: Berne & Levy
    Other Books:
    Guyton & Hall
    BRS Physiology by Costanzo
    Lange Series for Physiology
    Mosby Series for Physiology
    High Yield Physiology
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    ICM 2
    You get assigned into small groups where you get to practice you interviewing skills with standardized patients. The book will be used because there are required reading so you’ll need it or at least check it out from the library.
    Patient Centered Interview by Smith
    Bates Pocket Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking
    You get to learn the big picture of statistics in understanding the concepts. The book helps a lot while taking the class.
    High Yield biostatistics
    3rd Semester
    Medical Microbiology
    In the lectures, it tends to be organ based teaching in going from organ system to the next and knowing what microorganism affects it. The other books give a different perspective by giving the organism and listing every area they affect.
    Other Books
    Medical Microbiology made relatively simple
    Problem-Based Medical Microbiology: Handbook for Medical Students by Swapan K. Nath
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    Kaplan Microbiology
    Pathology I
    Starts with the basics of pathology to inflammation, neoplasia and then to organ base system pathology. Though you could do well by just studying the notes using one of the books will help long term for the USMLE since you’ll be integrating this together.
    Robbins Basic Pathology
    Other Books:
    Robbins Pathology
    BRS Pathology
    Rapid Review Pathology
    Kaplan Pathology
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    Physiology II
    In this course you get to learn about pulmonology, renal, endocrine, etc. If you struggle through the course Costanzo or the monographs (Lange or Mosby) would go into more detail about the topic, though I’ve known several students doing Berne and Levy and Guyton Hall also.
    Berne and Levy
    Other Books:
    Guyton and Hall
    Costanzo Physiology
    BRS Physiology by Costanzo
    Lange Series for Physiology
    Mosby Series for Physiology
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    ICM 3
    Same as ICM 2
    4th Semester
    Pathology II
    In this course you continue the organ base approach with RBC, WBC, Liver, GI, etc. As with Path I though you could do well by just studying the notes using one of the books will help long term for the USMLE since you’ll be integrating this together.
    Robbins Basic Pathology
    Other Books:
    Robbins Pathology
    BRS Pathology
    Rapid Review Pathology
    Kaplan Pathology
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    In neuroscience you’ll learn the sensory and motor functions throughout the body and the pathology associated with it.
    Purves Neuroscience
    Other Books:
    BRS Neuroscience
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    Behavioral Science I
    You get a lot of the basic vocabulary, childhood development, adult and elderly behavior and diseases associated with it. They also teach you how to approach different types patients. Some students recommend the Kaplan Behavioral Science book to help them understand the subject better.
    Kaplan and Sadocks Pocket Handbook of Clinical Psychiatry
    Other Books:
    Kaplan Behavioral Science
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    Pharmacology I
    In pharmacology, you learn the basics first the start learning the pharmacology of the ANS, disease states such as hypertension, diabetes, coagulation, cholesterol etc.
    Goldman and Gilman’s Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
    Golan’s Principles of Pharmacology
    Farrell’s Principles of Pharmacology workbook
    Other Books:
    Kaplan Pharmacology
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    ICM 4
    In ICM 4, you continue doing more patient interviews on standardized patients but you also get to do 3 45 min group interviews of different scenarios with a standardize patient. You also get to learn how to do a patient presentation and continue learning the physical exam.
    Same as ICM 2
    5th Semester
    Behavioral Science II
    In behavioral Science II, you start learning more clinical aspects such as personality disorders bipolar etc.
    DSM IV Pocket Book
    Other Books:
    Kaplan Behavioral
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    Medical Ethics
    Medical Ethics helps you be aware about the ethical and legal issues involve with medicine and helps you learn the process to make an appropriate decision.
    Other books:
    In Kaplan Behavioral Science
    Pharmacology II
    In Pharmacology II you get to learn about the CNS, pulmonary, cancer, immunosuppression, etc.
    Goldman and Gilman’s Manual of Pharmacology and Therapeutics
    Golan’s Principles of Pharmacology
    Farrell’s Principles of Pharmacology workbook
    Other Books:
    Kaplan Pharmacology
    First Aid For the USMLE STEP 1
    ICM 5
    In ICM 5 you get to go over and present cases of different clinical scenarios. You get to apply your knowledge from your basic science to provide differential diagnosis. You also get the opportunity to shadow physician in different areas in the hospital and clinic. A minimum of 2 is needed, but you can do more. In addition you get to learn how to do the genital exam during your ICM 5.
    Kochar’s Clinical Medicine for Students
    ICM 6
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-12-2010 at 05:43 AM.

  4. #4
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    IV. Shopping for Food/Necessities/Education
    List of Several Supermarkets: http://www.best-stmartin.com/Typ_2.asp?TypID=39&catID=2
    Afoo Supermarket: One of the largest supermarkets on the island where many locals go to. It is found near the end of Carnegeiter st in downtown Philipsburg.
    Cupecoy Market
    Location: (Starting from the school): Instead of heading to the Atlantis Casino, you head up the hill passing the coffee house up to the junction of BB’s. You make a left passing the apartments (tradewinds on the left) and keep on going until you see it on your right. They give student discount and it’s good if you need to get something quick. It is more expensive than other areas though. Several students say that the dinner offer are at decent prices.
    Chinese SuperMarket (Simpson Bay): Found right across Le Gourmet Marche in Simpson bay. Has decent pricing and is usually open later on the weekends and holidays compared to other supermarkets.
    Cost-U-Less: Another bulk store that has cheap drinks, sodas, and cereal. Vegetables vary and it’s right next to Le Grande Marche in Philipsburg
    Divico: Another bulk store. Not sure about the prices since it isn’t labeled, the person said that it is competitive.
    Food Express: The closest market near the school though more expensive than the Chinese supermarkets, le grande marche chain, it is much cheaper than the cupecoy market and sapphire hotel. Fruits and vegetables tend to be good there too.
    French Gourmet Market: Found on Sandy Grounds on your left hand side. Not sure about the variety or cost.
    Fresh Market: A supermarket found in Philipsburg, which have very fresh produce. It is found as if you’re going to Le Grande Marche, but you pass it and make a left at the Shell Gas Station and you follow the road and you’ll find it.
    Indian Shop (Kam’s Mini Mart) Across the Police Station in Philipsburg: A place with many Indian products from food, items, videos, etc
    Ph: 542-2629
    Indian Shop in Backstreet (Surag Indian Grocery)
    Ph: 599 542 8564.
    Le Grande Marche
    They give student discounts to students. To give clarification, the ******s work for tips.
    Open M-Sat – 8-8; Sun 9-2
    There are 3 in the island. 2 are Large called Le Grande Marche and one is small called Le Gourmet Marche. Locations below:
    1. Le Grande Marche (CayHill, Philipsburg): Starting from the school, you down the road passing the Atlantis Casino. Once you reach the end you make a left. You follow the road passing Maho, the airport, Simpson Bay, the dealers and reaching the first roundabout. You make a right going up the hill and continue following the road until you get to the second roundabout. Instead of going straight heading down to downtown Philipsburg, you go around to make a left. From there you continue following the road until you reach the 3rd roundabout and you’ll see Le Grande Marche on your right. Has an international section that is helpful for those that have specific diets.
    2. Le Grande Marche (Cole Bay): Starting from the school, you down the road passing the Atlantis Casino. Once you reach the end you make a left. You follow the road passing Maho, the airport, Simpson Bay, the dealers and reaching the first roundabout. Instead, go straight and the follow the road which forces you to the left. (Don’t go to the right, it’s a one way). Keep on following the road passing ACE Hardware SuperStore and Burger King and Divico, and you’ll see it on the left hand side. This one has more European products available and the fruits and vegetables tend to be better.
    3. Le Gourmet Marche (Simpson Bay): Starting from the school, you down the road passing the Atlantis Casino. Once you reach the end you make a left. You follow the road passing Maho, the airport, and the store is found on the left hand side.
    4. Le Gourmet Marche (Porto Cupecoy): Starting from the school, you go up the hill as if going to BB’s. Once you reach the junction, you make a left and follow the road which would take you to the French side and you’ll see it at a distance on your right hand side. Once you reach the roundabout, it is on the right hand side.
    Market Garden: A new supermarket that opened in Simpson bay. I heard the quality is good but the cost is expensive.
    Primes: Most likely the best place to get drinks, sodas and snacks in bulk. Though there are also meat, onions and eggs that are cheap, they come in large quantities and may not fit in the fridge depending on the size. It is near Le Grand Marche in Cole Bay.
    Sang’s Super Center: Another large supermarket with comparable prices in downtown Philipsburg. You go to the end of front street and make a right and you’ll see it on your left
    Sapphire Hotel: It is a place where you can go shopping for food, getting a haircut, going to a restaurant and renting a car. Another place if you need something quick and walking distance, but is more expensive than the other areas.
    Location: Starting from the school, you go up the hill as if going to BB’s. Once you reach the junction, you make a left and follow the road which would take you to the French side, you would be passing the orchid on the right side and the hotel will be on the left hand side.
    Sunny Food SuperMarket: Said by many locals the cheapest place to buy food. It is found in Philipsburg near Madame Estate.
    A.Th. Illidge Road 22-F
    Ph: (599) 542-0447
    SuperMarche Match: http://www.best-stmartin.com/detail.asp?storeID=407&catID=15&typID=39
    USA Supermarket: There are 3 USA Supermarkets. One in Sandy Grounds, the other in Concordia, and the third in Grand Case. You get more European and cheese selection at this supermarket if you like to try out things, but may be more expensive since it is in Euros.
    Hardware, Tools, House Items
    ACE Hardware SuperStore:
    http://www.acehardwareintl.com/countrylist.asp?cc=St. Maarten
    Is a store with a lot of different items that can be useful from hardware, kitchen, sports, fabric, school materials, paint, etc. there are 3 locations on St. Maarten.
    Colebay: Starting from the school, you down the road passing the Atlantis Casino. Once you reach the end you make a left. You follow the road passing Maho, the airport, Simpson Bay, the dealers and reaching the first roundabout. Instead, go straight and the follow the road which forces you to the left. And it’ll be on your left. There is a barber shop right near there that does haircuts for 10 dollars. This is the largest out of the three ACE Hardware Superstore
    CayHill, Philipsburg: Starting from the school, you down the road passing the Atlantis Casino. Once you reach the end you make a left. You follow the road passing Maho, the airport, Simpson Bay, the dealers and reaching the first roundabout. You make a right going up the hill and continue following the road until you get to the second roundabout. Instead of going straight heading down to downtown Philipsburg, you go around to make a left. From there you continue following the road until you see it on your right. This is the second largest
    DownTown Philipsburg: Found on Carnegeiter St on your left side before Afoo SuperMarket.
    Bebe n’ Kids: A store specifically for children items. Found around the area with Le Grande Marche and Cost-u-less in Cayhill, Philipsburg
    JoueClub: Another store that works with Bebe n’ kids but on the French Side.
    Kooyman: A large hardware store found in CayHill, Philipsburg. You’ll see it on the way down to Le Grand Marche. The advantage to this is that it is open on Sundays.
    Kwik Bargain:
    This store is 3 floors with a lot of kitchenware, household items, decorations, and fabrics.
    It is found as if you’re going to Le Grande March in Cayhill, Philipsburg, but going further down passing it and would be on your left hand side.
    May’s Super Center
    Found in CayHill, Philipsburg near Kooyman. Not sure about the prices and what they have.
    NAPA Auto Parts
    A large store for all your car supplies.
    It is found by going as if you’re going to Primes. The least complicate way is going as if you’re going to ACE, but before ACE there is a turn to the left. That would take you to Primes. You go pass Primes and you’ll see it on your right hand side. If you head forward you’ll exit out of the road and make a left which would get you back on the road to Simpson Bay going to the right or back to Cole Bay going to the left.
    Penny’s Department Store:
    Ph: 599-542-5608
    A large store of 5 floors of Clothes and kitchen item and household items. They also provide student discount. It is found in Downtown philipsburg near the end of Backstreet.
    Save a lot Homecenter
    Found near Cost-u-Less on the right hand side of the Street. Not sure what they have or their prices.
    Office/Electronic/School Supplies
    BluePoint: A electronic and school supply store that has 2 locations. One in simpson bay past the bridge and the other in Philipsburg on Pondville road.
    Ph: 599-542-1200
    Office-1-SuperStore: Another large store where there are school supplies, electronics etc. It is found in Cayhill, Philipsburg near the roundabout with Le Grand Marche. Instead of going right, you keep on going straight.
    Ph: 599-542-1669
    OfficeWorld: A very large store where you can get school supplies, electronics, etc. It is found on Pondville Rd. Student discount is provided.
    Ph: 599-542-4050; 599-542-4058
    Van Dorp: The closest school supply store to AUC. Has everything from pens, pencils, to binders, books, dictionaries, cards, etc. Found in Simpson Bay on the right hand side across Taco Macho and next to ShipWreck Pirate.
    World of Electronics
    One of the closest places to check for electronics. It is found in the same strip mall as McDonalds, Bubble Tea and Baskin Robbins in Simpson Bay just before the bridge.
    Ph: 545-2004
    Animal Care
    There are 2 places where you can adopt animals. One in Colebay, the other right before Kooyman.
    Dr. Halley and Dr. Guevara
    Everything in the clinic is just like the Dental Clinic in the US. It is found in the road behind the Cappuccino café. You get there by making a right at the Market Garden and make a left and follow the road until you get there.
    Centre Hospitalier de Saint Martin Louis Constant Fleming (Saint-Martin)
    Spring - Concordia
    97150 Saint-Martin cedex
    Ph : 05 90 52 25 25
    Mullet Bay Medical Clinic (Dr. Deketh)
    Found at the entrance of Maho on your left and right next to Platinum Room. It is one of the places where you do clinical clerkships for ICM 5.
    Ph: 599-545-4280; 599-559-0444; 599-545-3226
    St. Maarten Medical Center
    It is the Hospital in the Dutch side that has all the different fields that handle different problems. It is the place where you would do clinical clerkship for ICM 5.
    Union Road Medical Clinic (Dr. Van Osch)
    Found in Cole Bay, you go as if you’re going to ACE, but you go past it and you keep on going until you see it on your left hand side.
    St. Maarten Health Care Clinic
    Found in Cole Bay. Specialize in physical therapy, sports rehabilitation, and orthopedic manual therapy.
    Ph: 599-544-3568; 599-544-4738
    Friendly Island Pharmacy
    Has two locations: Simpson Bay past the bridge and Cole Bay(on Union Rd) past Burger King. Does Free Blood Sugar and Blood Pressure check every third Wednesday of the month.
    Simpson Bay: Open M-F 8:15am-7:30pm; Sat 9-1pm; Sun and holidays 5pm-7pm
    Cole Bay: Open M-F: 8:15am-6:30pm Sat: 9am-5pm
    Maho Pharmacy
    Phone: 599 545-3200
    M-F 8am-9pm; Sat 9am-12pm; Sun & Holidays 9am-1pm and 6pm-9pm
    Orange Grove Pharmacy
    Ph: 599 544-2013
    M-F: 8am-6:30pm; Sat: 9:00-1:00pm; Sun: Closed
    Orange Grove Rd.
    Philipsburg Pharmacy
    Found in Downtown Philipsburg right across from the Library.
    Phone: 599 542-3001
    Open M-F 7:30am-7:00pm; Sat 9am-1pm; Sun 10am-12pm
    The Druggist
    Found in Simpson Bay Near Gebe on the right hand side.
    Phone: 599.545.2777
    Open: M-F: 8:30am-7:30pm; Sat 10am-7pm; Sun and Holidays 1pm-3pm
    The buses in St. Maarten/St. Martine are not like the buses in the US. They are like small buses at the size of minivans. They have signs of where they’re going on the front window. They usually charge a dollar if the trip is short or 2 dollars if the trip is long. You can catch a bus at the corner of the Casino, but they come every 30 minutes. Finding buses in other areas is more easier than in the cupecoy area.
    Owning Vehicle
    The advantage to owning a vehicle is that you have the convenience to go around St. Maarten/St. Martin to go for necessities or to enjoy the area. The cars can be purchased through other students, locals or car dealerships. The costs vary from 500 to 5000 and it varies due to the condition of the car and whether it is manual or automatic with automatic being more expensive in general. There many types of vehicles from cars, trucks, scooters, motorcycles, jeeps, etc. The only disadvantage is possibly having the car broken down unless you know you have a good car.
    Leasing Vehicle
    Not sure what the cost is for leasing a vehicle, but the advantage is that if there is a problem with the vehicle you don’t have to pay for the mechanic services.
    Car Pool
    Many students get by without ever needing a car because they know someone who owns/lease/rents one.
    Renting Vehicle
    Renting a vehicle can vary from 30 to over 300 dollars depending on the type of vehicle you rent and whether it is high or low season. Some students put in their share to rent a car when going out or paying for groceries. Here are some rental companies
    Sapphire Hotel: The closest place near the school. It is convenient, though not the cheapest on the island.
    Route 66: Found on Sandy Grounds on the French side, has vehicles for rent and also unique and fun vehicles for rent also.
    (If possible, if you know a cheap place to rent a vehicle, let me know)
    Going around in a taxi can be very expensive but gets you to your destination quickly. From the airport to the school is usually around 10-15 dollars one way.
    Marigot: 05 90 87 56 54
    Grand Case: 05 90 87 75 59
    Taxi Service Juliana Airport: 599-545-4317
    Taxi: 546-7759; 546-7758
    Water Taxi
    Found in Deep Bleu, not sure of the cost and where it goes.
    Government Buildings
    http://maps.google.com/maps?hl=en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&q=sint+maarten+government&fb=1&hq=government&hne ar=sint+maarten&view=text&ei=R57lS9zNIcX_lgfBsYX6C g&sa=X&oi=local_group&ct=more-results&resnum=1&ved=0CC4QtQMwAA
    Census Office: The place to pay and get your license plates. It is found by going on pondville road and once you reach the roundabout you take a left as if you are going to the University but pass it and then make a right.
    http://maps.google.com/maps/place?hl=en&um=1&ie=UTF-8&q=sint+maarten+census+office&fb=1&hq=census+offi ce&hnear=sint+maarten&cid=14460303959674850734
    Fire Stations:
    http://www.best-stmartin.com/detail.asp?storeID=5609&typID=318&catID=23&extraID =0
    Police Stations: One found in Simpson Bay before the Bridge and the other in downtown Philipsburg in Carnegeiter street on your left hand side.
    Ph: 599-542-2222
    Post Office: One found in simpson bay on your left hand side and the main building is in downtown Philipsburg on pondville road on your right hand side.
    Ph: 542-2289
    Caribbean International Academy (CIA):
    A private school found very close to AUC. It is popular since it is close to the school and can have children all the way up to high school.
    Learning Unlimited:
    Another private school, though not as popular since it is farther away in Cayhill Philipsburg near the St. Maarten Medical Center.
    List of Dutch Public Schools

    List of French Public Schools
    Direction d'education
    Service de l'esseignment public et prive(For finding out about public and private schools on the French side)

    Ph: 0590 29 59 23/0590 29 59 29
    Service Transport scolaire (Finding out about Transportation)

    Ph: 0590 29 59 30/0590 29 59 29
    If anything, contacting the Director of Community Service and Student Affairs may guide you. E-mail is usually their first letter of the first name then the last name for faculty.
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-25-2010 at 11:02 AM.

  5. #5
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    V. Sports, Activities &Tournaments
    Getting Sports Equipment
    The best places to get sports equipment would be cost-u-less in cayhill, Philipsburg and ACE megacenter in Colebay for minor stuff and needles for ball pump. For more specific equipment such as cleats, jerseys etc. you have to go to down town Philipsburg in Backstreet where there are several sports store. One major one in Backstreet is Sport Caribbean. Their phone number is 599-542-7541. Another major one is in Frontstreet called Sam’s Sports(Super Sports). The phone number is 599-551-1893.
    There are many St. Maarten Sports organization(as well as other organizations) in this link
    At AUC, there is a large group of students that meet to play basketball. There is usually a large group and people usually meet Tuesdays and Thursdays at 8pm and Wednesdays at 6pm. However there have been times where people meet at 6 pm during the days or meet through word of mouth. Moreover, there are usually tournaments among students and there are tournaments where the students try-out to represent AUC against the other Caribbean basketball teams. Not sure if it is still active, but there has been times where students used to meet at CIA to play basketball.
    There are many students that play chess, but you have to ask around to find the students who plays chess. Moreover there are 2 avid chess players at AUC, Dr. B for MCB II and Dr. R for Path I and II who comes in as a visiting professor regularly.
    Card Games
    Every semester, Phi Chi holds a poker tournament as a fundraiser for the club. And there are many people who plays for fun amongst themselves.
    At AUC, Phi Chi usually sets up tournaments every other semester.
    Flag Football
    Not currently active, but there has been flag football tournaments that were done during the semester with a season. Unfortunately, due to disorganization, there hasn’t been any recently.
    If you want to play golf, there is the nearby golf course at Mullet bay, but I’m not sure for the rules and regulations of the area. I know that it is owned by the hotels.
    Mixed-Martial Arts
    It is a group of AUC students that are open to any styles and learn from each other. Moreover they train and spar together. They also recommend to bring some of your equipment(not required) to improve the experience. They meet on Mondays at 6pm to 8pm. The contact for the person in charge is dridragu@aucmed.edu.
    AUC has a large soccer community, which usually have about 20-30 people coming to play at the basketball court on campus. Although the days have changed over the semester, the time has stayed the same. Currently, students play on Tuesdays and Thursdays at 6pm until 8pm. It is usually relaxed and students try their best not to harm one another in the game. Recently members of the honors society have set up soccer tournaments once a semester to determine the best and for people to have fun. It tends to get rough, with people coming out with scrapes, so if anything come with a first aid and maybe shin guards for the tournament.
    If you prefer to play with the locals at CIA, they play on Monday and Fridays around 7:30pm until 9:30pm. They tend to be more serious and competitive in their playing, but they would also not try to hurt you in the matches. They are always looking for competition from outsiders, and anyone is free to join. They’re willing to set up 30-40 minute match with a group of 5-7 people on a specific day if you wish to do so.
    Here is the link to the list of people to contact to find out about participating in the Football or Futsal(indoor soccer) tournament. What I found out is that it costs 300 dollars per team and doesn’t include purchasing a matching colored jersey with numbers(May want to verify with the president of the association).
    There is currently an AUC softball team participating in the league.
    Street Hockey
    I’ve only seen street hockey been played at CIA during the afternoons with the principal and kids or during the weekends with spouses. I’m not sure if they’re still active, but you can go to CIA and ask for more information about it through the principal.
    I thought I would pass this on for anyone who might be interested:

    There is a great group of people who swim every weeknight at CIA pool (the private school right next to Summit Resort). The sessions are for adults of any skill level and include technique, speed, & endurance training.

    Times are Monday 7-8 pm, Tuesday-Friday 6:30-7:30 pm

    The fee is $60 per month but anyone is welcome to stop by and try out a couple of sessions for free.

    If you have any questions contact Romain Layour at 581-2625 or stop by the CIA pool during a session.
    In addition, you can use the swimming pool after classes or during no classes for $30 a month. It is an Olympic size swimming pool, so it will give you plenty of space to exercise and train.
    For tennis, you have to find tennis players to play tennis. They are around at AUC campus, you just have to ask around. Unfortunately the closest tennis court is at Maho somewhere past the mullet bay clinic. It costs $10, but I’m not sure if it is per hour or per game. There is one on the rooftop on Rainbow Beach Club.
    Here is a link to an st. marten organization
    Ultimate Frisbee
    At AUC, there has been an Ultimate Frisbee tournament, but hasn’t been consistent yet.
    Volleyball at Mullet Bay beach near AUC is really common. You have to ask around to find out who plays, but it would not be hard to find. Moreover, there has been tournaments that has been run by the current 5th semesters.
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-19-2010 at 03:59 PM.

  6. #6
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    VI. Other Activities around St. Maarten
    A small arcade place found in the Movie Theater and some arcades in Pineapple Petes.
    There are around 36 beaches around the island in which you can explore in St. Maarten. Here is the link to all the beaches
    There are several places to play pool. The 2 places that most students know of is in Pineapple Pete’s and Red Piano. You can also find several pool halls in local French restaurants in Sandy Grounds along the way to Marigot.
    Butterfly Farm
    Closed at the moment, no definite date to when it re-opens.
    Bumper Cars
    Found in Simpson bay just past the bridge and it’s normally open in the evenings.
    In St. Maarten, there are a lot of casinos, here is the list
    http://www.st-maarten.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=48&Itemi d=79
    In St. Maarten there are many dive sites around the area. It is a great opportunity to be dive certified in St. Maarten since it is cheaper than in the US and can dive anywhere around world.
    A place where you can go and race against your friends in the Grand Case Area.
    Kite Surfing
    You need 20 hours of training and $700 to do the training. Afterward, it’s just around $28 to kite surf.
    There are 2 libraries, one in the Dutch side, Philipsburg and one in the French side, Marigot.
    The Dutch Side Library(Philipsburg Jubilee Library): is found near the end of Carnegeiter St.(Pondville Rd faces the pond to the left of Cannegeiter St., and BackStreet (then FrontStreet, then the Boardwalk) is to the Right of Cannegeiter St.
    For the Dutch Side(Philipsburg Jubilee Library): http://www.stmaartenlibrary.org/index.htm
    The Library has many books and resources in many languages from English, Dutch, French, Papiament, and Spanish. They have study rooms and a magazine/reading room. Membership for library card can be granted and cost varies based on whether you are residents, teachers and educators, part of partnership special, or tourist/non-residents.
    Ph: 599-542-2970
    M: 4:00pm-6:30pm; T: 9:00am-12:30pm & 4:00pm-9:00pm; W: 9:00am-12:30pm & 4:00pm-6:30pm
    Th: 4:00pm-9:00pm; F: 9:00am-12:30pm & 4:00pm-6:30pm; Sat: 10am-1pm Sun: Closed
    The French side Library(Bibliothèque Municipale de la ville de Marigot): Once you pass the bridge and reach the roundabout, you head straight into the city instead of left into the port. Another way is to go to the port by turning left on the roundabout, then right on the roundabout. You keep on heading straight and on the second roundabout you can park near there. Walking to the right of the roundabout would lead to the library. Notable buildings would the Palais du Justice and Ebenezer Methodist Church. If you want to check out books, you need to bring and ID or passport, proof of address and 3.80 euros, for professors, it is 12.20 euros. If you want to check out videos, you have to fill out a form and give a refundable 60 euros. They have collections of books in English and French. They have study rooms, books, videos, and magazine area.
    Rue du Palais de Justice
    97150 Saint Martin
    Ph: 05 90 87 85 87
    M: 2:00-7:00pm; T:2:00-7:00pm; W : 9:00am-7:00pm Th: 11 :00am-7:00pm ; F: 11:00am-7:00pm; Sat: 9 :00am-1:00pm; Sun: Closed
    Movie Theater
    There are 2 movie theaters, one on the Dutch Side in Simpson Bay called the Caribbean Cinemas: Megaplex 7, and one on the French side in Sandy Grounds called Sandy Grounds Cultural Center. Links
    Both(Plus Events of the Week):
    Caribbean Cinemas:
    Sandy Ground Cultural Center (Centre Culturel de Sandy Ground):
    http://culture.sxmsaintmartin.com/ then click on cinema
    There are 3 museums, 1 in the Dutch side, Philipsburg near the end of Front Street and one in the French Side in Marigot near the Catholic Church and the other in Oyster Pond area.
    Dutch Side
    The person in charge is willing to do a tour for a small group(around 10) if notified ahead of time. There is no entrance fee. It has a good amount of history collected on St. Maarten, it’s flora and fauna, and some history on the natives of the island.
    ph: 542-4917
    French Side
    There is an entrance fee of 5 dollars for the museum. The owner is an archeologist has collected many artifacts on the island and has information on the natives. He also has some flora and fauna of St. Martin and history of St. Martin. The person in charge is willing to do tour guides(around 15) throughout St. Martin with a fee of 3 euros per person.
    French Side Ph: 0690 56 78 92
    Old House and Rhum Museum
    Night Club
    There are many night clubs around St. Maarten, here is a list
    There is one area in the French Side where you can go play paintball. You may need someone who speaks French. It is open on weekends from 9-9 but can be open on weekdays by reservation. It says 30 euros per session, but you can check to see what a “session” consist of(not sure if it is 1 match or until you run out of paintballs [200]).
    Painting Gallery
    There is one on the way to Orient bay through the French side. It’ll be on your left hand side. There are many others on the island.
    Party Bus
    There’s one that exist on St. Maarten/St. Martin, but I don’t know the cost, length, etc.
    Surfing and other Activities
    WaterSports, Scuba Diving, Island Sailing, etc.
    The Scuba Shop: http://www.thescubashop.net/
    Aqua Mania:
    Ph: 599-544-2640
    Ziplining and hiking in Pic Paridis
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-19-2010 at 05:26 PM.

  7. #7
    HonorDac is offline Member 652 points
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    VII. Religion
    Here is a list of churches:
    Seventh day Adventist
    Location: One is found in Colebay just as you leave Simpson Bay. It is somewhere before Daily Express Supermarket on your right hand side going up a road.
    Grace International Baptist Church:
    Sundays 10:30-12 in the Royal Pavilion Room at Sonesta Maho Beach Resort in Maho
    Faith Baptist Church(Cole Bay): http://mianews.wordpress.com/2008/02/12/goodbye-tent-faith-baptist-church-cole-bay-st-maarten/
    Good News Baptist Church:
    548-4325 St. Peter Road #30 St. Peters
    At St. Maarten, there are 3 catholic churches on the Dutch side and 3 catholic churches on the French side. The Dutch side has their masses done in English and they also have masses in Spanish and Creole. The Dutch catholic churches belong to the Diocese of Willemstad, which is located in Curacao. The priests that do the services at mass are Father Bob, Father Manuel, and Father Miguel (For Spanish Masses). They are also open to people participating at lectors at mass.
    The French side has their masses in English and French. The homily is in both languages, but during the mass, the priest changes from English in one section to French in the next section. There is also a Spanish mass and a Creole mass at Marigot. The French Catholic Churches belong to the Diocese of Guadeloupe. The priests that do the services at the masses are Father Samson and Father Frare. Times are stated below:
    Dutch Side
    ph: 599-542-2303
    Location: The church is located on Frontstreet and it is nearby Burger king. To Park, it is better to go to Carnegeiter St. near the Police Station and then walk up the street where you run into Burger king and make a left.
    Saturday: 6pm Sunday: 8am Spanish Mass: 7pm
    South Reward
    Location: The church is located in Cul-de-Sac. The way to get there is going as if you are going to Cost-u-Less and Le Grande Marche in the Philipsburg area. However, instead of going to the right on the roundabout, you head straight. The church would be on the left hand side after passing many stores (Office-1-Superstore, bakery, Baskin Robbins), a sports field park, and neighborhoods.
    Sunday: 11am Haitian Mass: 7pm every 1st Sunday
    Simpson Bay
    Location: It is the closest Catholic church in the area. To get there, you can go there by 2 ways. The first and longer way is to go all the way to McDonalds near the bridge. Once near the bridge, you make a right and you follow the road. The road will force you into a U-turn to a one-way street and you can park in a sandy area near the beach.
    The second way is to make a right, right before the druggist. From there you can either go straight passed the intersection and make a right at the end and park there to then walk to the left, or make a left and park behind the church to walk through the walkway. The second way is better if you get stuck when the bridge goes up and it is high season (December to May) when there is more tourists coming to mass and more families come because their children are going to class for confirmation and/or communion.
    Sunday: 5pm
    Future Location in Progress Cupecoy
    French Side
    If you plan on going here is a pdf file with the French and English order of mass to help guide you
    Location: When going to the French side, as you reach the roundabout past the bridge you make a left to the port instead of going straight into the city. You make a right on the second roundabout and follow the road until you reach the end. You park just before the end and walk to the right and you’ll see the church on your left up the hill. Can be reached by car also. (Est. time 15-20 min)
    Sunday: 11am; Spanish Mass 2nd Sunday of the month 6:30pm; Creole Mass: 4th Sunday of the Month 6:30pm
    Grand Case
    Location: When going to the French side, as you reach the roundabout past the bridge you make a left to the port instead of going straight into the city. You make a right on the second roundabout and follow the road until you reach the end. You make a left and follow the road until you reach the roundabout (with a statue) and take a left. Follow the road and you’ll see that you’re near when you see a do not enter sign(because it is a one-way road in Grand Case) and the Grand Case Pharmacy. You’ll see a left turn into Grand Case and you take it and make another left turn which would lead you to the one way. Once you reach the end of the road, you make a left onto the one way road and you’ll see the church on your left hand side.
    Sunday: 9am
    French Quartiers (near Orient Bay)
    Location: You’re going to the French side as if you’re going to Orient Bay. You’ll be passing Marigot and Grand Case. You’ll eventually reach a roundabout with a fork to the left, straight and right. You keep on heading straight and you’ll reach Orient bay, but you pass it and continue going until you’ll see the church on your right hand side on the hill. (Est time 40min)
    Sunday: 7am
    St. Maarten Islamic Center (Cay Hill, Philipsburg)
    From AUC, drive on the main road past Maho, past the Airport, past Simpson Bay, cross the bridge, make a right turn onto the read leading to Philipsburg that goes over the big hill. Once you have reached the top of the hill, there is a roundabout. Take a right from the roundabout. This road will descend the hill. At the bottom of the hill, there is another roundabout. Turn left. Once you have passed the hospital on your left (St. Maarten Medical Center), you will approach an intersection with Puma Road. Turn left. Follow Puma Road until the masjid appears on your right.
    Simpson Bay
    Location: It is the closest Methodist church in the area. To get there, you can go there by 2 ways. The first and longer way is to go all the way to McDonalds near the bridge. Once near the bridge, you make a right and you follow the road. The road will force you into a U-turn to a one-way street and you can park in a sandy area near the beach. And you continue walking past the catholic church and it’ll be on your left side.
    The second way is to make a right, right before the druggist. From there you can either go straight passed the intersection and make a right at the end and park there to then walk to the left, or make a left and park behind the church to walk through the walkway. The second way is better if you get stuck when the bridge goes up and it is high season (December to May) when there is more tourists.
    Ebenezer Methodist Church
    Non-Denominational (CMDA)
    Mass at 10am on Sundays at AUC Lecture Hall 2.
    See JMSA to find out more info
    Chabad at Simpson Bay
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-19-2010 at 07:51 PM.

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    VIII. Restaurants
    Links of List of restaurants
    Dutch Side
    Cupecoy Area
    BB’s: Local cupecoy restaurant. Very friendly person, has food, parties, bands, and after block parties
    Cupecoy Market: Decently priced dinners
    Ph: 545-4333
    Deep Bleu: A good restaurant to eat out with friends and has a nice breeze with a nice view of the lake. You can also take a water taxi there.
    Pizza Dan’s: Local pizzeria in cupecoy. Very friendly person.
    Thai Savanna
    Ph: 599-553-1204
    The View Restaurant: Found within the summit by the pool. Good food for a cheap price. Has a special of the day
    Ph: 599-545-2150
    Open everyday: 7:30 am-11:00am; 12:00pm-3:00pm; Tapas every Friday and Saturday night 6:00pm-8:00pm; Happy Hour 2-4-1 everyday 5:00pm-7:00pm; 2-4-1 every Saturday frozen drinks.
    Windham Sapphire Beach Club: Every Sunday:Welcome party at 5:00pm-7:00pm, 2 for 1 on all drinks, dancing with live band 5:00pm-8:00pm. Every Monday: Ouassous(fresh water prawns) Night starting at 6:30 with live Caribbean music with Top Groovers. Every Wednesday: BBQ night and live music with Mr. Cole 6:00pm-9:00pm.
    Ph: 545-2433
    Maho Area
    Bamboo Bernies
    Sunset Beach Bar: A good restaurant to see the airplanes landing up close.
    Pizza Pasta Trattoria Italiana : Tucked to the left up the road to the casino. Heard the food is good but pricy.
    Simpson Bay Before Bridge
    Aldywon: A Lebanese restaurant on the Island
    Ph: 599-526-6145
    Baskin Robbins
    Bubble Tea: A good place to try out unique drinks that are good.
    Ph: 599-553-1598
    French Bakery
    Dr. Fish: Great seafood and sauce.
    Taco Macho: A tex-mex style restaurant.
    Ph: 553 6322
    Tequila Tex Mex Cantina & Rancho Argentina Grill: Good for the experience
    White Swan: Like your panda express restaurants
    Simpson Bay After Bridge
    Abu Ghazi: Where the famous schwarmas are located
    Bavaria: A unique german restaurant with good food.
    Ciao(pelican bay): Italian restaurant and pizzeria
    Ph: 544-4084
    Cappuccino Bar & Restaurant
    El Rincocito: Dominican Restaurant with creole and latin mix
    Gelateria: A ice cream/pastry/crepary shop
    Gong fu tea: Chinese restaurant across the movie theater within the plaza.
    Lady C’s: All you can eat wings.
    Lal’s (Curry in a Hurry)
    Lee's roadside grill: Good ribs.
    Several Chinese Restaurant
    Pineapple Pete’s: Have a pool table, arcades, and dart boards in the restaurant
    Ph: 599-544-6030
    Shakti’s Indian Restaurant(Pelican Bay): More Indian variety than other restaurants. Found by making a right at Market Garden and making another right and following the road. It’ll be on your left hand side.
    Skip Jacks
    Top Carrot: Best place for fresh fruit juices and mixed juices, somewhat pricy.
    Ph: 599-544-3381
    The Greenhouse Restaurant (Pelican Bay)
    Ph: 599 544-4173
    Zee Best: Heard that it is a great place to have lunch at.
    Cole Bay
    Burger King
    Chinese Restaurant Across ACE
    Dutch Cul-de-Sac
    Baskin Robbins
    Bubble Tea: Found in Cannegieter St.
    Burger King: Found in Frontstreet
    KFC: Found in Cannegieter St.
    El Corazon de Colombia: A homely restaurant with friendly people that serve great Colombian food. Found in Cannegieter St.
    Ph: 581-4722
    The GreenHouse Restaurant
    Ph: 599 542 2941
    Several Chinese Restaurants
    Several Indian Restaurants
    Point Blanche
    Bubble Tea
    French Side
    Nettle bay/Sandy Ground area
    Mario Bistro: French and Seafood restaurant. Pricy but famous.
    0590 87 06 36
    Pizza Drive-in: Never heard a complaint, many students say great things about this restaurant. They also do delivery.
    Open everyday: 5:30pm to 10:30 pm
    Ph: 05 90 52 08 51 (06 90 56 13 43)
    Le Chalet: Unique Swiss restaurant.
    Ph: 0590 27 16 98
    Le Bistro de la Mer
    Le Marrakech: A unique morrocan restaurant.
    169 rue de Hollande, Marigot
    Ph: 590 27 54 48
    Serafina: Popular bakery considered one of the best.
    Zee Best
    Swami’s Indian Restaurant: Called by some students the best Indian restaurant on the island
    Route to Pic Paridis
    Tree Lounge & Hidden Forest Café
    Grand Case
    La California: A lot of unique and international variety.
    La Noche: A restaurant and dance club.
    French Cul-de-Sac
    Pancho Villa: A tex-mex and Mexican restaurant. Found as if going to Orient bay through the French side, once you reach the roundabout where the US SuperMarket in Concordia is, you make a left (heading straight will take you to Orient Bay) and follow the road and it’ll be on your right hand side.
    Ph: 0690 63 11 19
    Orient Bay
    Oyster Pond
    Oliver’s (Restaurant on Dutch Side, Yacht on French Side)
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-25-2010 at 12:07 PM.

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    IX. All about St. Maarten (History, Events, People and other Unique Features)
    History [credit goes to the Office of tourism of St. Martin] (http://www.st-martin.org/us/discovery/history.php)
    In his History of Sint Maarten and Saint Martin, Dr J. Hartog mentioned Alfred Leonard Conner, one of the first St. Maarteners who did research into the island's past and his son, Hyacinth Conner, the principal of Oranjeschool in Great Bay. Together, in 1950, they started excavation work and found a first Amerindian settlement at Paradise Hill where the Moho Well supplies fresh water, and others at Mount William, and at Billy Folly, close to Sentry Hill, where fresh water is also found.
    In 1957-1958, an American couple, John and Dorothy Keur, professors of biology and anthropology respectively, spent 9 months in the Windward Islands and found a fourth settlement at Red Pond, in the Lowlands on the French side.
    In 1961, another American couple, Ripley and Adelaide Bullen, who had made excavations in St. ******, St. John, and Grenada, found a fifth settlement at Cupecoy Bay, that has since been destroyed by construction activities. Between Plum Bay and Long Bay on the French side, they found traces of another former settlement, the sixth. Four of the six settlements are located close to the Simpsonbay Lagoon and in the Lowlands. The artefacts found by the Bullens can be dated from 800 to 1300 A.D.
    Excavations conducted in 1988 at the Hope Estate by Archaeologist Dr. Jay Haviser from the Institute of Archaeology and Anthropology of the Netherlands Antilles and by Henri Petit-Jean Roget of the Department of Excavations and Antiquities in Guadeloupe, assisted by archaeologists from Martinique, revealed findings and artefacts which suggest that site to be the most important Amerindian settlement discovered on the island to date. These objects, as well as those found during the more extensive excavations carried out in 1993 and 1994, reveal that the first inhabitants of the island belonged to the Arawak group. Two groups lived on the Hope Estate site from 200 to 300 years B.C. and from 300 to 500 years A.D.
    The first group has been identified as the Huecoid people, recognized by their ceramics which consisted mostly of unpainted earthenware vessels decorated with cross-hatched incisions and curvilinear lines. The Huecoid people were not adapted to the sea. They were land people who relied on agriculture. Their diet consisted of land crabs, whelks, rodents, and birds. The second group has been identified as the Salaloid people. Their white and red painted ceramics were more refined than those of the Huecoïd people, incorporating handles shaped like heads. They may have migrated from the South American region now known as Venezuela. They were a peaceful people.
    The Hope Estate is located on high ground to the west of Hope Hill and to the northeast of Mount Careta and is not visible from the sea. It was therefore a very secure site. Nearby, one of the most constant sources of fresh water flows can be found in the Careta Ravine.

    Daniella JEFFRY

    Geology of Saint Martin
    Modern geological studies have shown that continents rest on separate drifting plates. The separation of two plates creates a fracture in the earth’s crust and the appearance of a new ocean. The meeting of two plates, on the other hand, causes new reliefs due both to folding of the rocky layers forcing on each other and the creation of volcanos.The Atlantic ocean started opening up over 200 million years ago, and Europe and Africa get further from the Americas by a few inches per year. This motion can be compared to that of a conveyor belt, the solid earth crust being the belt moving on fused lava. As the Atlantic plate reaches the Antilles, it hits against, and slides under the Caribbean micro-plate, this is called an area of subduction.
    All along these plates’ borders, the solid rock ocean floor go down deep and melt into lava. Through fractures in the earth’s crust, called faults, the lava gets back to the surface and create volcanos. This is how the Caribbean Arc islands were created as an archipelago indicating the junction of two plates. From this process appeared the island of St Martin about 17 million years ago. The lava coming to the surface hardened quickly as they cooled down and produced massive volcanic rock, such as basalt, andesite and dacite. These rock contain small size minerals, some invisible to the naked eye.
    The magmatic chamber where the lava forms in the depths has also partly come to the surface through the fault, but much slower, cooling down slowly and thus permitting the formation of crystals. These crystalline rocks found on the surface are called quartz diorite. They are commonly found in the area of Grand Case and Cul-de-Sac shaped as large, eroded balls. The mass of quartz diorite has caused the rise and folding of rocks that had settled at the bottom of the ocean. The tremendous pressure exerted by the different rocks against each other caused the formation of new minerals and metamorphic rocks. These rocks, which had been 12,000 ft. deep had emerged from the water. They are made of plankton debris whose skeletons accumulated for millions of years and aggregated. They are known as chert, radolarite and shellmarl., and they can be easily recognized, because of their angular aspect and their appearance of piled up pates.
    The emergence of St Martin allowed the development of coral reefs, which were only waiting for lesser ocean depth and a hard substrate to start developing gigantic underwater calcareous plateaus. Due to faults or a decrease in sea level, these plateaus emerged and produced what is now the Lowlands, Anguilla and Tintamarre whose rocks sometimes give out fossils of sea creatures..
    These rocks are the origin of the carved cliffs at Cupecoy and Plum Bay. Tropical rains sometimes dissolved them, creating caves which were exploited n the last century for extraction of phosphates from guano produced by birds and bats. For a few hundred thousand years, wave, tides and wind action have eroded the present-day underwater reefs, producing billions of calcareous particles which now form the sand of our beaches. Shore movements have created sand banks between the hard rock masses, isolating marshes and lagoons behind the beaches. Thses lagoons gather at their bottom the clay washed off the hills by rain.
    Thus, St Martin, like most Caribbean islands, presents a large variety of rocks and minerals of various origins, metamorphic, volcanic or sedimentary, which were exploited, at one time or another, by its inhabitants.
    Christopher Colombus and St. Martin
    Christopher Columbus never set foot on Saint Martin. On his second voyage, which started on September 25, 1493, Columbus sailed across the Atlantic Ocean in 21 days with a fleet of 17 ships, carrying about 1000 colonists, all men, to the New World. The fleet reached the West Indies on November 3, 1493 at an island which Columbus named Mariagalante, situated off the south coast of Guadeloupe. From there, Columbus sailed () north in the direction of Puerto Rico and Hispaniola.
    According to Columbus's doctor, Diego Alvarez Chanca, who kept the ship’s log during the trip, it appears that on November 11, 1493 the fleet was anchored at Redonda, a small island situated to the south of Nevis. The next morning Tuesday, November 12, 1493 Columbus sailed past an island which he named San Martin. It was Nevis, according to a 1500 World Map, drawn by one of Columbus's voyage companions Juan de la Cosa, who had gathered the information to draw this first map of the Western Hemisphere during the trip.
    On Wednesday November 13, 1493 Columbus saw another island which he named Gorda. It was St. Christopher's or St. Kitts. Once past St. Kitts, Columbus must have seen St. Eustatius which he called Santa Maria de la Nieve, a name which was later passed to Nevis. Saba was named San Christobal, a name which was later passed to St. Kitts.
    We know now that Columbus may have sighted this island but it was not clearly distinguished. His doctor's record of the voyage did not mention anything about it, and Juan de la Cosa did not draw an island here on his first World Map of 1500.
    The island appeared for the first time on a map dated 1516, the so-called Reinel map, under the name Sam Mtim. The Reinels, Father Pedro Reinel and son Jorge Reinel, worked in Spain and were accomplished map and globe makers. The map in question mentioning Sam Mtim is considered to be one of the best maps of the Caribbean area. It is also known as the Carta Atlantica.
    The Spaniards who were the first Europeans to claim ownership of this island, referred to it as San Martin. Coincidentally, after Spain abandoned the island, in 1648, it was shared between the Dutch and the French, and this partition was sealed in a Treaty dated March 23, 1648.
    It was probably from then on that the island has been associated with the patron saint Saint Martin of Tours. The first catholic church of the island, situated in French Quarter as early as the end of the 17th century, was dedicated to Saint Martin. Later on, the catholic church in Great Bay was also dedicated to Saint Martin of Tours.
    Saint Martin of Tours lived in the 4th century and was bishop of Tours in France. He became famous for sharing his cloak with a beggar who was barely dressed. Thereupon Christ appeared to him dressed in a piece of the cloak.
    It was in 1936 that the Dutch side officially adopted the Dutch spelling Sint Maarten.

    Daniella JEFFRY

    The 1648 Treaty of Concordia
    In 1624, centuries after the island’s discovery, the Dutch, in search of salt () after the closing of Araya in Brazil, visited the West Indies. In 1627 the West India Company sent two ships to inspect the salt pans in Saint Martin. In 1629, 14 Frenchmen, driven out of St. Kitts, set foot in what is now the French Quarter area. From 1631 to 1633 a group of Dutch people together with 40 Africans picked salt in the Great Salt Pond in Great Bay until they were driven out by the Spaniards. They built a fort at Little Bay and were not yet aware that a small colony of Frenchmen lived in the northeast of the island. From 1638 to 1648 the Spaniards regained control of the island, during which period a mulatto called Sebastiano lived in a hut outside the Spanish military camp at Fort Amsterdam.

    It is recorded that Spaniards came from Puerto Rico with laborers from the settlement there to destroy the entire fort on Saint Martin which they could not afford to maintain. Among the laborers from Puerto Rico were Fichot and two other Frenchmen who decided to run away into the bush and wait there until the Spaniards left. Meanwhile, they met with a mulatto, probably Sebastiano, who joined them. When they reached () the seashore, they found five Dutchmen who had also run away. They talked and agreed to inform their nearest respective governors that the Spaniards had abandoned the island.
    St. Eustatius was the nearest island, so the five Dutchmen offered to go over there to inform their governor and they promised the Frenchmen they would go to St. Kitts the following day to inform the French governor, General de Poincy. The five Frenchmen remained on the island to guard it until the return of the Dutchmen. Immediately, Abraham Andriensen, the Governor of St. Eustatius commissioned Captain Major Martin ****** to take possession of the island as Governor of Saint Martin on February 14, 1648.

    As Fichot got no news from Governor de Poincy of St. Kitts, he realized that the Dutch messengers had not notified the French governor, so he took the first opportunity to do so since he felt that the French had as much claim to the island as the Dutch. As soon as Governor de Poincy heard the news, he dispatched De la Tour with 30 men, but the Dutchmen on the island refused to let one single man come ashore, claiming that they had been commissioned by their governor in St. Eustatius to occupy the island since, according to them and overlooking the fact that Sebastiano was living on the island, it was not inhabited and the first comer was the owner.
    De la Tour returned to St. Kitts with a copy of the Dutch governor's commission stating that the Dutch were the only masters of the island. De Poincy then reinforced his men and sent back 300 soldiers to fight the Dutch and settle down. De Lonvilliers was given a written ordinance dated March 16, 1648.

    On March 17, 1648 Robert de Lonvilliers, anchored off the shore of Great Bay, ordered one of his officers to go to the Dutch governor to inform him of their ordinance to occupy the island. The Dutch were warned to accept it peacefully or the island would be taken by force. Governor Martin ****** had to allow them to come ashore.

    A few days later, on March 23, 1648 the officers of both nations gathered on a hill, which was to be called Poincy's Heights or Concord Mount, and reached an agreement which is known as the Partition Treaty.
    In 1756 and 1764 the demarcation line was more clearly defined, and in 1772 Jan de Windt, Jr., Commander of St. Eustatius, received a letter from the Board of the Netherlands West India Company asking him to clearly mark the boundaries in Saint Martin. A dry stone wall was built by the black laborers to mark the frontier between the two sides. This wall can still be seen at the border marker between Marigot and Cole Bay.
    Although at various times between 1672 and 1801 during periods of instability, both European nations repeatedly violated this treaty, the people of this island were able to weave close cultural and historical ties. Consequently, the people are the permanent binding factor that has made Saint Martin what it is today: an island of two nations but one people, one culture, one language, one history.
    Upload the Text of the Treaty

    Economic Interests Salt and Agriculture
    The history of the island of Saint Martin is intimately linked with the story of salt. The first inhabitants, the Amerindians or Smarindians, called it Soualiga, the 'Land of Salt' or Oualichi, the land of women. The Dutch were attracted to the salt island essentially because of their need for salt for their herring industry. It was also used in the butter and cheese industry of Holland and for curing victuals for use on long voyages. During the 17th and 18th centuries, their main interest in Saint Martin was in salt and trade, as well as in cotton and sugar.
    The island had 3 large salt pans capable of supplying 400 boat loads of salt per year. The largest salt basin was located in the Great Salt Pond. However, the island had no fresh water, and so was not an ideal place for a permanent colony. Drinking water was obtained from St. Kitts. The first Dutch colonies settled at Great Bay where they picked salt for two years from 1631 to 1633. Salt was in great demand in Holland, and in 1631 more than 90 ships loaded salt there. In 1632, 100 ships loaded salt and there was still enough salt for 300 ships per year. When the French settlers noticed the presence of the Dutch, they also began to ship their production of tobacco and salt through Great Bay.
    The exploitation of salt and the development of agriculture were motivated entirely by the needs of the European colonial countries

    1629 – 1648 : The Tobacco Era
    Agriculture started as early as 1629 when the first 14 Frenchmen fleeing from St. Kitts settled in the northeast of the island in the area known as French Quarter. They started to grow tobacco there, and they also picked salt in the area where Grand-Case is now situated, quite unnoticed by the Spaniards. It is believed that the first French settlers never left the island. Tobacco was grown on both sides of the island and it is reported that Saint Martin produced more of it that any neighboring island. Tobacco was exported to the Netherlands, the Baltic countries, and Scandinavia. In 1658 the island population numbered only 300 people.

    1648-1786 : The Cotton Era
    Another short-lived agricultural activity was the growing of a shrub for its blue dye called indigo. There were 22 indigo gardens on the French side. No record is given of its production on the Dutch side. This dye was in great demand in Europe for the military and naval garment industry. In 1697 there were still 20 indigo gardens. The first settlers planted all kinds of food produce, and raised fowl and cattle, which were sold to St. Kitts. They lived from their garden produce and from fishing.
    Cotton also started to be grown around the same period and, after 1700, it became the most important crop until it was supplanted by sugar cane in the 1780s. However it did not entirely disappear. Cotton was grown in Marigot, Colombier, French Quarter, Dutch Cul de Sac and the Bottom Lands.
    An official report from the French side states the following:

    In 1772 there were 11 sugar mills (7 in Marigot and 4 in Colombier). In 1775 there were 17 sugar mills. The largest plantation, which was owned by Jacob Gumbs in Marigot, had 31 slaves. Both large and small plantations were mostly devoted to cotton and food crops, such as cassava, sweet potato, tania seed, yam, pigeon peas, and banana.

    In Grand-Case there was 1 sugar plantation in 1772, and 2 in 1775. In 1772 there was a total of 31 plantations in Grand-Case, 27 in Marigot, 27 in Colombier, and 24 in French Quarter. However, there was no sugar plantation in French Quarter.
    On the Dutch side there were 90 to 95 cotton and food plantations, and only 35 to 40 small sugar plantations.

    1786-1848 : The Sugar Era
    The introduction of sugar cane took place as early as 1763, and until 1769 there were only 2 sugar mills on the French side. By 1784 an official report numbered 23 sugar mills, and in 1786 sugar cane was the main resource on the French side. From then on, there was a rapid growth of the number of black people who were imported as slaves. In 1786 there were 24 sugar mills and 2572 blacks while the number of whites had decreased to 431. Ten years earlier, in 1776, there were only 772 blacks on the French side. On the Dutch side at the same period – 1775 – there were 3500 blacks and 650 whites. Black people were more numerous there because of the salt picking which had always been the major activity of the Dutch side. Consequently, from the 1770s on, Saint Martin became a predominantly black island.
    Most sugar plantations were located on the French side. In 1786, 2250 acres were planted with sugar cane representing 65.8% of the cultivated land. 650 acres were planted with food crops, and 450 acres with cotton. There were 35 sugar mills. In 1818 there were still 32 sugar mills and 2500 acres were planted with sugar cane representing 80.9% of the cultivated land, 415 acres were planted with food crops, and 80 acres with cotton.
    Commander John Philips, who was in office from 1735 to 1746 – after whom Philipsburg was named – put William Zagers in charge of sugar plantations and subsequently plantation activities expanded considerably on the Dutch side. Zagers had his own plantation called Industry in Dutch Cul de Sac where most plantations were situated. Others were located at Upper and Lower Prince's Quarter, Cole Bay, and Little Bay. In 1789 the Dutch side had 92 plantations, 35 of which grew sugar as their main crop.
    After 1800, because of political instability, the number of sugar plantations decreased, and in 1818 there were only 23 sugar mills on the Dutch side. In 1829 the French side produced 2 200 000 lbs of sugar and the Dutch side produced 330 000 lbs of sugar.
    Sugar was exported mainly to North America, the French colonies and France, and rum was exported to Guadeloupe. From 1775 to 1850, some 75 years, Saint Martin was a true sugar island and the French side exceeded the Dutch side by far. Most sugar plantations were situated in Marigot and Colombier. Cotton plantations were located in the dry parts (Grand-Case, French Quarter) and the food crop plantations were scattered on the hill slopes and were called "grounds".
    In 1847 there were 32 plantations on the French side of which 19, in Marigot, Colombier, Mount Vernon, and Orleans exported sugar; 14 exported rum; 13 exported molasses; and 19 exported cotton. An official report in the year 1847 indicated that these products were exported to Guadeloupe, together with 1227 cows, 180 horses, 80 donkeys, 42 mules, 2260 sheep, 1029 goats, and 685 pigs.
    The same report stated that other products, such as arrowroot starch, fresh butter, the bark of the gum tree and maby, door mats made from dried banana leaves, and corn were the main resources from which the blacks gathered their revenues. They sold these products or exchanged them for products they needed. Arrowroot starch was sold on the Dutch side as it was scarce there, but the other products made little profit when sold locally since the blacks from the Dutch side had the same products. Arrowroot starch was also exported to St. ****** and to Guadeloupe, where it was more expensive than the local product.
    The last sugar mill stopped its activity in 1895.

    Daniella JEFFRY

    The Inhabitants of St Martin
    1493 -1648 : The Spanish period
    There was no Carib settlement on the island during this period, but it is inferred that the Caribs came now and again. In 1624 it is mentioned in a report that there were no Amerindians nor Spaniards, the island was a real "no man's land", a refuge for numerous English, Dutch, Irish, and French seafarers scouring the Caribbean sea.
    In 1624, fourteen Frenchmen found refuge in the northeastern part of the island where they produced tobacco and picked salt after being chased from St. Kitts. In 1631 a group of Dutch people together with 40 blacks picked salt in the Great Bay area, and were chased by the Spaniards in 1633.
    Although the island was officially in the hands of the King of Spain since 1493, the first Spanish settlement only lasted 10 years from 1638 to 1648. Spaniards built a fort and a garrison, and settled in the south part of the island. They abandoned the island in 1648 and brought back unskilled workers from Puerto Rico to destroy the fort.
    During those 155 years of Spanish occupation, nothing eventful took place on the island.
    1648-1764 : The colonial wars
    After the signing of the Partition Treaty on March 23, 1648, the French Governor of St. Kitts bought St. Martin, St. Barths and a few other islands in 1651 for the Order of Malta, a religious and military order, also called Order of St. John of Jerusalem.
    No report was made of the population during the first two years of French settlement, but according to Historian Father Du Tertre, there were 150 French people under Mr. De Poincy and 300 under Mr. de Salles, that is from 1651 to 1665.
    The island suffered ruin and desolation during the French colonial wars on sea, which considerably hindered the settlement up to 1764.
    1672-1678 : The Dutch War. Saint-Martin was occupied by the English. The French took back the island at the Nimegue Peace in 1678, although they had no means of insuring its defense.
    1687-1697 : The Augsbourg League War. That is the reason why in 1689 the inhabitants of St. Martin were evacuated to St. Kitts when the French and the English waged war in the Caribbean sea during the Augsbourg League war. In 1687 there were 720 whites, 278 blacks and 1 free Carib They did not stay there long as the English took over St. Kitts in 1690 and they had to come back to their island.
    St. Kitts was given back to France in 1697 at the Ryswick Peace, but was taken back by the English in 1702.

    1701-1713 : The Spanish Succession War. In 1703, the Dutch Governor in St. Eustatius chased the French from St. Martin. The entire island was thus occupied by the Dutch until 1706 when the northern side was conquered once more by a French expeditionary corps.
    Meanwhile in August 6, 1704 a royal ordinance confirmed the "50 pas du Roy" (a strip of land bordering the seashore of 81.20 meters wide) in the French colonies of America for purposes of military security and coastal defense. But St. Martin was not under French rule and this ordinance was never implemented. All concessions granted were bound to the seashore and were private property.

    1706-1744: Period of calm. St. Martin was momentarily stable although France had to give up St. Kitts to the English in 1713, thus the security of the island was threatened.
    1740-1748 : The Austrian Succession War. St. Martin was taken back by a small English detachment coming from Anguilla. The French took refuge in the Dutch side. They were given over to the enemy who ransacked their properties.
    After each war, the settlers from the Dutch side and those from the English island of Anguilla as well had thatched-huts built for their slaves on the French side and took over land for cultivation.
    St. Kitts was given over to France in 1748 at Aix-la-Chapelle Treaty.

    1756-1763 : The Seven Year War. St. Martin was again occupied by the English of Anguilla from 1744 to 1764. Although St. Martin nor St. Barths was mentioned in the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the government of Guadeloupe still claimed these islands from the English of Anguilla.
    At that time, the Dutch governor offered the Administrator in Martinique to buy the French side for one hundred thousand piastres, but the governor of Guadeloupe asked the English to give back the island of St. Martin, which they did with no difficulty.

    1764-1848:Population growth and beginning of paid labor
    During the previous period, St. Martin was successively administered by
    - The Company of St. Kitts from 1635 to 1636
    - The Company of the Isles of America, from 1636 to 1651
    - The Company of Malta from 1651 to 1674
    - The Royal Domain in France and rattached to the government of Guadeloupe

    In 1674, even though St. Martin was rattached to the government of Guadeloupe, the authority of Guadeloupe was hardly felt. Because of the war devastations, there was no garrison on the island, nor any commander from 1713 to 1763, when Mr. Descoudrelles, a very dynamic commander was appointed to St. Martin and St. Barthelemy directly by the royal court.
    In 1764 there were 350 blacks, 40 whites among whom 10 or 11 French or from French descent, the others were Irish, Italian, Dutch, and English.The white and black population increased considerably up to 1786. In 1766 there were 772 blacks, which means that the black population doubled in two years, and the white population increased sixfold, passing thus from 40 to 251. It reached 431 in 1786, three years before the French revolution, then went down to 300 at the turn of the century (1800).
    In the meantime, the black population gradually increased passing from 2 572 in 1786 to 2 940 in 1818. By 1848, there were about 3 000 blacks and 300 whites, the whites formed 10% of the total population. When slavery was abolished in 1848, there was no longer any racial distinction in population statistics.
    The prosperity of this period was partly due to the dynamic Governor Descoudrelles who had the great idea to grant concessions to the foreigners more numerous on the island. He was ordered by the Governor of Guadeloupe, Knight of Bourlamaque, to only grant concessions to those foreigners who had owned property in St. Martin under the French before the Seven Year War.
    The increase in population is directly related to the increase in agricultural development, favored by fertile soils in Marigot, Colombier, French Quarter, and Dutch Cul de Sac which enabled the development of the sugar-mills, the exploitation of the salt ponds of Grand-Case, Chevrise, and Orleans, the raising of livestock, the cultivation of cotton, and more essentially the free labor of the black people. Without them, this economic development would not have been possible.
    The French failed in their attempt to settle in St. Martin. At the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763 when France had to give over some Caribbean islands to England (St. Lucia, Dominica, St. Vincent, The Grenadines), the French settlers from those islands, increased momentarily the white population, but without slaves, they could not work. The custom was that when settlers were chased from an island, the slaves remained in the possession of the new settlers. This was also the case when St. Martin changed hands from French to English or Dutch, the permanent element on the island was always the black people who had no civil status. Yet, as human beings they can be considered as the stable element in the population growth.
    In an official report dated October 1764, Descoudrelles specifically stated:
    Nearly all of them [French settlers] could not afford to provide for their first necessities. I was therefore obliged to advance them money which I lost for the most part, because most of them left without having been able to work.

    Commander Descoudrelles granted concessions to the English-speaking planters as they form the essential part of the population with the black people. They had to pay a tax of 1 piastre gourd for each square of land bought and 1 piastre gourd for each laborer from 14 to 60 years old. The rule was that all foreign landowners should swear allegiance to the King of France and present a detailed report of their possessions to the Royal Domain. Besides, the small quantity of French on the island is also due to the fact that after each war, the English ransacked and burnt everything down before chasing them. So they never felt secure there.

    In 1769, the English and Dutch owned the greater part of the land. There were 2 sugar plantations on which 350 blacks worked as free laborers. During one of his inspection to St. Martin in 1769 the governor of Guadeloupe, Count d'Ennery, decided to grant more concessions to foreigners in order to develop the French side. Many planters who were established on the Dutch side were English planters from Anguilla, so they took advantage of the opportunity to increase their possessions by accepting those concessions, and therefore owning property on the French side. Consequently, the English planters of Anguilla owned land on French and Dutch St. Martin and their black laborers worked on both sides when it was necessary. Those planters from the Dutch side also manifested solidarity with the few French people who had come without any laborers by passing them over some laborers from their plantations. This is how St. Martin was established with a black and white population speaking English on both sides of the island.

    The division of land was quite fair: no large estate and the possibility for Black people to exploit their plot of land for their livelihood on Saturdays. In fact, it was a custom among the Dutch to allow the black people to cultivate a plot of land to provide for their family. This custom was largely applied on the Dutch side, which explained why most black people were the owners of their plots of land.

    Around 1778, the English took back possession of St. Martin and on February 25, 1779 an agreement or capitulation was reached between the Knight of Troleng Durumain, Captain of the Lively, a frigate of the King of France, and the honorable John Fahie, president of the French side for Her Majesty, King of England. The fort, batteries and warehouses were to be handed over to Mr. Duzant, major of the milicia, who was appointed Commander of the French side for the King of France until the arrival of another Commander appointed by the Generals of the French Windward Islands of America. The oath of allegiance paid to the King of England by the planters were lifted.
    In 1789, St. Martin had a governor, a fort which was built in 1767, and a milicia formed by the inhabitants to execute the governor's orders and insure police and security services. It was a military type of government without a garrison.
    In 1844 the practice of paying the black people for their services was also initiated by Navy Commander François Perrinon, a mulatto from Martinique He had acquired the concession of the salt ponds in St. Martin, paid both slaves and free blacks to work in the salt-picking industry. He did not use any form of corporal punishment, treated his workers as human beings and regularly paid them their wages. In his History of Slavery during the last two years (Book II), Victor Schoelcher reported the following comments :
    This meaningful fact, "the impact of which some would vainly try to destroy by saying it is an exception, already demonstrates, Mr. Perrinon said, that with some goodwill the settlers, after the emancipation of slaves, would find free blacks to cultivate their plantations, if they are willing to give them fair wages, and most importantly if they treat them with respect.
    This testimony reflects the kind of labor relations which already existed on the salt ponds because of François Auguste Perrinon, before the official abolition of slavery in 1848.
    Daniella JEFFRY
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-12-2010 at 05:57 AM.

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    The French Revolutionary Period in St Martin
    May 6, 1790 : The March on Great Bay
    Commander Salomon Gibbes of the Dutch side was in office until January 1790 when he was forced to resign by the Netherlands West India Company. On February 12, 1790 Dr Willem Rink, a Dutch lawyer, was appointed Commander in his place, but he only took office on June 10, 1790. Meanwhile, about one month earlier on May 6, an incident occurred in Great Bay.

    A Frenchman, Barthelemy Curet, the Secretary-Registrar of the French side was locked up because he was in debt with a businessman of Great Bay, Mr. Runnels. On the following day, May 7, a mob of 20 to 25 people, among whom were a few soldiers, marched from Marigot to Great Bay with flying colors and drums beating in order to deliver to Commander Gibbes, who was still on duty, a letter from the French Commander Descoudrelles.This letter was requesting that Barthelemy Curet be set free. However, Commander Descoudrelles had advised the messengers to wait after the delivery of the letter, so that Commander Gibbes could call a Council meeting to decide upon the matter.Things happened quite differently. Quickly after delivering the letter, the mob walked from Commander Gibbes's house where his office was located, to the jail. They took out Curet, together with another prisoner and they all marched back triumphantly to Marigot.

    There were two jails, one at Fort Amsterdam and the other one in Great Bay, both in bad condition, with no permanent guard, which made it easy for the mob to rescue Curet.

    This incident, however, was immediately condemned by the French Commander. The major of the milicia, together with some 30 residents including Curet, signed a letter of apology for the incident.

    This letter dated May 28, 1790 stated that the incident was motivated by the revolutionary turmoil stirring up the minds in the entire French Empire. They promised to release to the Dutch a Mr. Andrew Weare who was imprisoned in Marigot. They recommended that Barthelemy Curet settle the dispute by making arrangements to reimburse his debt to Mr. Runnels. They finally expressed the wish that the Commissaries of Guadeloupe should seal this peace with a written agreement in order to put an end to the division between the two sides.

    This meeting took place in the Catholic Church of Marigot.

    New attempt to purchase the French side

    The Dutch colonies were still owned by the Netherlands West India Company until the end of December 1791, when the company was dissolved. So the States General of the Netherlands acquired the islands. The economic situation of the Dutch side was quite favorable. The 1789/1790 salt harvest enabled the government to collect a tax of 3 pennies per barrel of salt exported. Governor Rink was able to pay all public debts immediately.

    In 1790 Governor Rink saw the need for locally born persons to be trained as administrators to fill in the positions in government and the administration of justice, so he requested a capable teacher who knew both Dutch and English, and in 1791 the first teacher Andries Vis came from Amsterdam.

    In those days, the Dutch side had already a well structured system of administration, much more advanced than the French side, and it also had a garrison of 250 men. The population was larger, over 600 whites and 3 500 blacks.

    Civil and criminal cases were judged by a Council composed of the Governor, the secretary, the Civil Captain, and six Council members. A Court Marshall implemented the sentences pronounced by such a court. All offenses were punished with fines, which constituted part of the income of the governor. When these fines exceeded a certain amount, they had to be decided by the Council.

    Most planters were English and the English language and customs were common on the island. The influence of the Dutch government was hardly felt, and the planters felt offended when they were referred to as Dutch. There were only two major towns, Great Bay with about 350 houses and Simpsonbay with about 90 houses, most of them inhabited by fishermen. The name Philipsburg was only used sometimes in legal or administrative documents.

    The Simpsonbay Lagoon was the commercial link between the Dutch and French sides. It did not produce any salt because of communication with the sea. It was a very convenient thoroughfare for those merchants who had their places of business along its banks. It also served as a refuge for boats.

    The French side was particularly coveted by the English of Anguilla and by the officials of the Dutch side. The many invasions suffered by the unprotected French side were significant of the desires of the English and the Dutch to own that side. The neglect of that side by the French, and its defenselessness had made it a prey for its neighbors.

    Already in 1963, after the Treaty of Paris, the governor of St. Eustatius had made a proposal to Mr de la Rivière, Administrator of Martinique, requesting him to facilitate his purchase of the French side. He was offering 100 000 piastres in his personal name with some other associates, and not in the name of the Netherlands West India Company. Later on, he added 10 000 piastres, but the offer was not given any consideration.

    In those days, the French side was of no interest to the government of Guadeloupe, whereas the Dutch side was of great interest to the Netherlands West India Company, because it needed to expand its possessions due to the prosperous trade of St. Eustatius. In fact, the Dutch possessions of Saba and St. Eustatius were known for their trading facilities in time of war, and all the land was already conceded in those colonies.

    In time of peace, the numerous merchants and traders of St. Eustatius had nothing to do, so the purchase of the French side by Dutch buyers would have enabled them to double their capital, only with the sale of land on the French side - which was of better quality than the Dutch side - to the traders.

    With these speculations in mind, the government of Guadeloupe did not honor the purchase offer, considering that the price was too low, compared to the enormous profit that the purchasers would have derived from it later on.

    One of the reasons why the government of Guadeloupe would have sold the French side if the offer was acceptable was the tough trade competition for St. Martin created by St. Eustatius in time of peace. And in time of war, the fact that they could not afford proper defence for St. Martin in the form of a permanent garrison and a properly built fort. Furthermore, the French islands were too distant to provide St. Martin with food and rescue it from the enemy.

    The Seven Year War (1756-1763) had proved that France could not keep the two possessions of St. Martin and St. Barths. In fact, St. Barths was sold to the King of Sweden in 1784. The English invasions constituted a serious threat for the French side, due to the proximity of St. Eustatius and the numerous resources that it provided to the Windward Islands in time of war. The French had rather cede the French side to the States General than to the English, in exchange for a substantial indemnity.

    Another reason was that the government of Guadeloupe did not want to spend money to establish a milicia in order to defend a small group of foreign planters. The only paid official was the Commander, and the planters could hardly maintain a priest for the two islands.

    By 1790 no decision was made to sell the French side, since most of the land was conceded and sold, and the profit would go to the landowners.

    The French Revolutionaries : 1493-1802

    In 1793, the Dutch were particularly concerned about the events in Paris and the possible invasion of the French part by the French revolutionaries, which would threaten also their security. Taking advantage of the state of war between France and the Netherlands, the 28 year old Lieutenant of Civil Defence, Abraham Heyliger, unaware to the Captain of Civil Defence, his superior, and to Commander Rink, secretly invaded Marigot together with Engle James Richardson, Johan Willem Worm, and 19 armed burghers in the night of May 18 and 19, after walking through the hills. They took possession of Fort St. Louis, at sunrise hoisted the Dutch flag, and named the fort Willem *********, whose father became King Willem I.

    Astonished, Commander Rink and the Captain of Civil Defence, had to accept and support the move. Together with some burghers, military men and free colored men they all walked to Marigot, but De Durat had already surrendered on condition that everything would remain as it was. The terms of the surrender were sealed in a document signed by De Durat and 36 burghers. De Durat surrendered in order to strenghten his position against the French revolutionaries. Apparently De Durat was a royalist and feared the invasion of the revolultionaries, already in Guadeloupe.

    Rink took possession of the French part in the name of the States General of the Netherlands without annexing it and De Durat swore allegiance to this authority, together with 116 persons. The French part remained administratively separate from the Dutch part but Rink appointed a commander and two commissioners in Marigot.

    The Liberty Tree

    In 1795 the United Provinces of the Netherlands became a satellite state of France, the Batavian Republic, so the authorities of Guadeloupe claimed back the French part from the Dutch. Rink withdrew his occupation on Sunday, April 5, 1795. Immediately after, on April 29, 1795 the revolutionaries arrived from Guadeloupe.
    La Bruyere was appointed to the post of administrator of the French part and Conseil, a Navy officer, to the post of military commander by Victor Hugues stationed in Guadeloupe. They confiscated the properties of 21 out of 35 English planters and 16 Frenchmen, who were deported to Guadeloupe. They proclaimed that all slaves were free. In 1798 under the Directory slavery was restored.
    They also occupied the Dutch part and planted the liberty tree in front of the Courthouse that also served as Town Hall. The French revolutionaries were in control of both sides until 1801.

    Repeated English invasions : 1801 1814

    Six years later, on March 24, 1801, 3 300 English men landed unopposed on the beach at Little Bay. The French had built a fort with 2 guns on the hill (Fort Hill) in 1795 which they called Bel-Air, in order to control both Little Bay and Great Bay. However, the fort was too high and the range of the guns fell into the sea beyond the British troops. The French revolutionaries withdrew and Rink went to the Netherlands

    One year later at the Treaty of Amiens in 1802, France got back the French part. The English left the island on December 1, 1802, and Rink, having returned from the Netherlands, accepted the post of governor, with a salary, and was granted the rank of Lieutenant.
    In May 1808, 200 Englishmen invaded the French part through Grand Case and Marigot and with the help of the Dutch, in accordance with article 7 of the 1648 Treaty, they were able to put up a good defence.
    In 1810, the English occupied St. Martin and Guadeloupe once again until 1814.
    During this period of English and Dutch repeated occupation, of battles, and devastation, only the French colonists had to flee and would come back afterwards. The slaves remained on the island at the service of the conquering nation, Dutch or English.

    Daniella JEFFRY
    Côté terre-ecotourisme
    Côté terre-randonnées
    Côté mer-le monde aquatique
    Credit to the Office of Tourism of Sint Maarten (http://www.st-maarten.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=category&section id=7&id=31&Itemid=212)
    The Legend of the Drunken Dutchman

    According to popular legend, the final division of the island between the Dutch and the French was settled with a race.

    A Dutchman and a Frenchman stood back-to-back and started to circumnavigate the island on foot. It is claimed that the starting point is the area known today at Oyster Pond; the Frenchman was ordered to walk North along the coast while the Dutchman was to go South. The spot where the two would meet, would determine the border.

    The legend
    has it, that the Dutchman walked with a flask of old Dutch Gin, and the Frenchman, true to his roots, carried a flask of wine. The Frenchman managed to cover much more ground than his rival, and won France the larger portion of the island - 21 square miles. The Dutchman, who it is claimed covered less because he stopped for several gin-breaks ended up with only 16 square miles of territory.

    Bits of History

    The history of the Caribbean is filled with stories of colonial imperialism where islands changed hands form country to country. St. Maarten was no ace in the imperial holdings, but had its share of skirmishes and smoky gun battles, which caused the island to change hands many times between the Spanish, Dutch and French powers. The old stone forts which guard many of the islands inlets is proof of the islands turbulent past.
    Museum in Philipsburg
    The island's true history started peacefully - traces of Stone Age people have been found on the island, dating back to 4,000 BC. Around 800 AD the island, as many of its neighbors was settles by Arawak Indians who arrived from South America to settle down to a life of fishing, hunting and farming.

    The Arawaks were not alone, however. They were followed in the 14th century by a much more war-like tribe - the cannibalistic Carib Indians. These new arrivals are the ones who gave the region its name, and knew St. Maarten as Soualiga, or "Salt Island" after its main mineral deposit. The remains of the Great Salt Pond can still be seen in Philipsburg today.

    According to legend, Christopher Columbus sighted Soualiga on the 11th of November in the year 1493, the holy day of St. Martin of Tours, and he named the island after him - hence the name St. Maarten. The 11th of November is celebrated to this day, as St. Martin/St. Maarten's Day.

    Although Columbus sighted and named the island, the Spanish made no initial attempt to settle here. Around the year 1630 the Dutch and French established small settlements on the island. The Spanish must have not taken to well to this settlement - they saw it as a threat to their influence in the region and attacked the island - driving out both the Dutch and French settlements.

    The Dutch and French
    joined forces to repel the Spanish, and finally achieved this goal around 1644 when the Spanish finally abandoned their claims to the Eastern Caribbean altogether. After driving out the Spanish, the Dutch and French signed an accord (in 1648) and agreed to divide the island. Over the next few years, the boundary was the subject of numerous disputes. which were not settled until 1817. In this timeframe the island changed hands between the two powers 16 times.

    Philipsburg - Crossroads of the Caribbean

    Historic Courthouse
    Philipsburg, the capital of Dutch St. Maarten, fills a narrow stretch of land between Great Bay and the Great Salt Pond. Founded in 1763 by John Philips, a Scottish captain in the Dutch navy, it soon became a bustling center of international trade. Today it is as bustling as ever, with lively shopping streets, cafes, and hotels.

    Two main roads cut across the length of Philipsburg--Front Street and, yes, Back Street. Front Street, the main thoroughfare, is lined with duty-free shops offering everything from Italian leather goods and Japanese cameras to native crafts. Narrow alleyways lead in either direction to arcades and courtyards filled with flowers. Visitors will also find examples of traditional West Indian architecture, including characteristic pastel-colored houses with second-story verandas looking out over the street.

    Front Street Philipsburg

    Great Beach right in the Capital

    Wathey Square in Downtown
    Front Street's most prominent landmark is the Courthouse, built in 1793. A grand white wooden structure topped with a cupola, it now serves as St. Maarten's courthouse. Also on Front Street is the Simartin Museum, which gives visitors an excellent introduction to local history. Among the artifacts on display are pottery from the island's original inhabitants, the Arawaks, and cargo salvaged from a British ship which sank off the coast in 1801.

    Two historic forts bear witness to Philipsburg's strategic importance in St. Maarten's history. Fort Amsterdam, built in 1631 on a peninsula between Great Bay and Little Bay, was the first Dutch military outpost in the Caribbean. Unfortunately, it was soon captured by the Spanish, who made it their most important bastion east of Puerto Rico. The Spanish abandoned the fort in 1648, and since then it has remained in Dutch hands.

    All military operations ceased in the 19th century, although the fort was used as a signaling and communications station into the 1950s. A few walls of the original bastion remain, and the site provides an outstanding view of modern Philipsburg. Fort Willem, easily recognizable by its television transmission tower, lies just to the west of downtown. Built in 1801 by the British, it was taken over by the Dutch in 1816. It's an easy hike up to the fort, with a lovely panorama of Philipsburg and neighboring islands at the top.

    Today, Philipsburg combines its historical legacy with 20th century excitement. Its waterfront has become a popular stop for cruise ships, and the town's many restaurants, cafes and night clubs offer entertainment well into the night. The town offers accommodations to suit every need, from modern resorts to intimate guest houses.
    Last edited by HonorDac; 05-12-2010 at 05:59 AM.

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