A Brief History of Ireland by The World Factbook 2007
Celtic tribes arrived on the island between 600-150 B.C. Invasions by Norsemen that began in the late 8th century were finally ended when King Brian BORU defeated the Danes in 1014. English invasions began in the 12th century and set off more than seven centuries of Anglo-Irish struggle marked by fierce rebellions and harsh repressions. A failed 1916 Easter Monday Rebellion touched off several years of guerrilla warfare that in 1921 resulted in independence from the UK for 26 southern counties; six northern (Ulster) counties remained part of the UK. In 1948 Ireland withdrew from the British Commonwealth; it joined the European Community in 1973. Read More
The medical school at Trinity was founded in 1711 and has played a central role in the golden age of Irish medicine. Today it is an international leader in biomedical research and education. Students of medicine at Trinity will follow a five-year programme leading to the degrees of Bachelor in Medicine, Bachelor in Surgery and Bachelor in Obstetrics. Following graduation you will spend a further year as an intern in an approved hospital before becoming a fully registered medical practitioner.
The major characteristics of medicine at Trinity are:
The medical programme at Trinity is a challenging but highly rewarding experience. The academic requirements are high and there will be considerable demands on your time. As medicine is ultimately about the care of people, you will also need to feel comfortable in a people-oriented environment where teamwork will be equally as valuable as your individual contribution.
The School of Medicine in the University of Dublin, Trinity College Dublin will celebrate its tercentenary in 2011. An apothecary named Thomas Smith who was Lord Mayor of Dublin at the time founded the University of Dublin in 1592, but it was not until 1711, following the construction of the first Anatomy School Building, that the Medical School was officially opened.
The first Statutes of the University and College "laying down the regulations both for degrees in medicine and also for the establishing of a medical fellowship" and which described "the number of anatomical dissections, the number of patient case histories required, and the hours that were to be spent in the laboratories of the Apothecaries", i.e. the first medical curriculum, were written by Sir William Temple (Provost 1609-1627) and further elaborated by William Bedell (Provost 1627 – 1629). However, there is little evidence that any significant teaching of medicine took place at that time. The first evidence of a formal structure for the practice and teaching of medicine occurred with the appointment of John Stearne as the first Regius Professor of Physic (1662-1669) with the princely stipend of £60 per annum! He not only initiated the teaching of medicine in Trinity, Stearne was also instrumental in founding the College of Physicians, which was to become the Royal College in Ireland. Initially both the activities of the physicians and the medical lectures of the University were given in Trinity Hall. This building, which had been built originally as a bridewell for the incarceration of miscreants and idle persons, was situated just outside the front gates of the Trinity, and was allocated to Stearne who refurbished it using his own resources.
The building of the first Medical School was sited close to where the Berkeley Library is now situated. Sir Patrick Dun who was then the President of the College of Physicians played a large part in processing its construction. It was his bequest that financed the stipends of the medical and surgical professors of both the College and the University, and eventually also the construction of Sir Patrick Dun's Hospital where the primary purpose was to facilitate the teaching of medicine.
It took many decades to bring medical practice out of the dark ages, and to attain the degree of "science based knowledge" that we enjoy and practice today. Trinity and Dublin medicine have played a significant part in this process, specifically in the advancement of the science of Anatomy. This tradition was initially founded by George Cleghorn (1716-1789), and subsequently enhanced by professors such as James McCartney, Daniel Cunningham and Alexander Macalister. Daniel Cunningham wrote a textbook, which became the standard reference for the subject. Others, such as Samuel Clossy (1724-1786) and Robert Smith (1807-1873) were amongst the first to describe the morbid anatomical changes of the diseases, which affect the human body. Smith and William Stokes (1804-1877) were the founders of "The Pathological Society" in Dublin in 1838 whose proceedings did so much to develop the science of clinical practice and at the same time to enhance the reputation of Irish medicine.
Another area in which Trinity made significant progress was in the development of microbiology. John Crawford (1746-1813) initially proposed that infectious disease could be caused by microbes, which were spread by insects. Almroth Wright (1861-1947) was a leader in bacteriology and Immunology. Adrian Stokes (1887-1927) proved the transmission of yellow fever by mosquitoes and William Hayes (b.1913) showed the ability of bacteria to transfer genetic material, demonstrating the mechanism of antibiotic resistance.
In the last ten years major strides have been made in the unravelling of the molecular bases of medicine. The completion of the human genome has supplied us with a molecular alphabet from which we are currently endeavouring to construct a language. It is clear that the molecular basis of disease is relevant in acquired and inherited disorders. The campus at St James's Hospital is unique in Ireland as it houses the Institute of Molecular Medicine (IMM). The Institute of Molecular Medicine is also a member of the Dublin Molecular Medicine Centre (DMMC) which includes the Conway Institute at University College Dublin and research laboratories at the Royal College of Surgeon in Ireland (RCSI).
The School of Medicine, Trinity College, was founded in 1711 and has played a central role in the golden age of Irish medicine. The School of Medicine, as it is known today, maintains its international leadership in biomedical research and postgraduate education.
The School is linked to many famous names in medicine, such as William Stokes, Robert Graves, Abraham Colis and Sir William Wilde and will celebrate its Tercentenary in 2011.
The School will celebrate its Tercentenary in 2011. The Bicentenary of the Medical School was a major international event with international delegations participating in the celebrations in Dublin. The Tercentenary will be the vehicle through which the strategy will be driven and implemented and a Tercentenary Committee will be established to drive the implementation of the Schools strategic focus. The Tercentenary Committee will focus on fund-raising emphasising the central role of the medical school in the scientific and cultural life of the city. The primary focus will be on the resourcing of capital development of building programmes on the College Green campus, St James's Hospital campus and the campus at the Adelaide and Meath incorporating the National Children's Hospital, Tallaght. Emphasising the key role of the Meath and Adelaide hospitals in the history of medicine and of medical education, it is proposed to work towards establishing a facility incorporating clinical skills coupled to integrative medicine and surgery and preventative medicine on the Tallaght campus. Translational medicine will be primarily based at the St James's campus. and central administration and non-clinical teaching at the College Green campus. All three strands will be integrated in a historical sense with particular emphasis on (i) marrying traditional and new technologies and (ii) complementary developments on the three sites. The organisation of celebrations and fundraising activities for the ambitious capital development programme will commence in 2006-07. The fundraising target will be ambitious but attainable.
The structure of the School of Medicine is a complex one spread over ten hospitals, four Health Boards and a myriad of clinical training centres.
To facilitate, foster and provide to the highest international standards in
The School of Medicine seeks to set international benchmarks in fulfilling this mission whilst emphasising ethical values, responsibility, accountability and deep understanding of deprivation, inequity and bio-psycho-social influences on health and disease at local, national and global levels.