Obstetrics and Gynecology is a diversified specialty concerned with the delivery of medical and surgical care to women. Relationships with patients are long-term and are often maintained through the postmenopausal stage of a patient's life. This field combines two specialties: obstetrics, which focuses on the care of women before, during and after childbirth, and gynecology, which involves the diagnosis and treatment of disorders of the female reproductive system. Obstetrician/gynecologists often serve as consultants to other physicians, but in many cases the obstetrician/gynecologist is a primary care physician with whom patients have regular contact and obtain medical advice and counseling.
Training consists of a minimum of four years of ACGME-accredited clinically oriented graduate medical education of which three years must be focused in reproductive health care and ambulatory primary health care for women including health maintenance, disease prevention, diagnosis, treatment, consultation and referral. There are 251 obstetrics/gynecology residency programs accredited by the ACGME for 2012/2013 offering more than 1,200 categorical residency training positions available to U.S. seniors.
Obstetrics and Gynecology residency training programs participate in the National Resident Matching Program (NRMP). Match results through the NRMP and competitiveness information for obstetrics and gynecology residency training positions are summarized in the U.S. Match Statistics table below.
|US Match Statistics||2013||2012||2011||2010|
|# Categorical/ Advanced positions available for U.S. Seniors||1259||1240||1205||1187|
|% U.S. Seniors matched*||92||96||94||84|
|# Unfilled Categorical/ Advanced Positions||11||17||13||5|
|# Unmatched U.S. seniors||74||32||51||84|
Source: NRMP *Competitiveness is based on the percentage of U.S. seniors who match in each specialty.
Subspecialty/fellowship training following completion of an obstetrics and gynecology residency training program is available in reproductive endocrinology, gynecologic oncology, maternal-fetal medicine, urogynecology and family planning. Detailed information about the scope of this subspecialty training program, number of positions offered and length of training is available in the GMED online database.
FREIDA physician workforce information for each specialty includes statistical information on the number of positions/programs for residency training, resident work hours, resident work environment and compensation, employment status upon completion of program and work environment for those entering practice in each specialty.
1 transitional/preliminary year
3 years of residency
Categorical and advanced positions available
|Family Planning||3 years|
|GYN Oncology||3 years|
|Maternal-Fetal Medicine||3 years|
|Reproductive Endocrinology||3 years|
|Median, Academic Salary||$250,000|
|Median, Clinical Salary||$295,000|