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Neurology Mnemonics

NEUROLOGY MNEMONICS

Dementia: some common causes

 

DEMENTIA:

Diabetes Ethanol Medication Environmental (eg CO poisoning) Nutritional Trauma Infection Alzheimer's

Whipple's disease: features [for neurologists]

 

A WHIPPLES DOOM

Arthralgias Whipplei (organism) Hypothalamic involvement Intestinal involvement/ Intestinal biopsy required PAS positive macrophages PCR positivity Lymphadenopathy Extrapyramidal involvement Septran treat with Dementia Ocular abnormalities (vertical gaze palsy) Oculomasticatory myorhythmia Myoclonus

Neurofibromatosis: diagnostic criteria

 

ROLANDO:

Relative (1st degree) Osseous fibromas Lisch nodules in eyes Axillary freckling Neurofibromas Dime size cafe au lait spots Optic gliomas

Visual loss: persistent bilateral sudden onset visual loss differential

 

FLOP:

Functional Leber's hereditary neuropathy Occipital infarctions Pituitary apoplexy

Neurofibromatosis: diagnositic criteria (type-1)

 

CAFE SPOT:

Cafe-au-lait spots Axillary, inguinal freckling Fibroma Eye: lisch nodules Skeletal (bowing leg, etc) Pedigree/ Positive family history Optic Tumor (glioma)

Babinski and LMN signs: conditions exhibiting them

 

"D MASTS":

Diabetes Motor neuron disease Ataxia (friedrichs) Subacute combined degeneration of cord Tabo paresis Syringobulbia

Ramsay-Hunt syndrome: cause and common feature

"Ramsay Hunt":

Etiology: Reactivated Herpes zoster

Complication: Reduced  Hearing

Stroke risk factors

 

HEADS: Hypertension/ Hyperlipidemia Elderly Atrial fib Diabetes mellitus/ Drugs (cocaine) Smoking/ Sex (male)

Vertigo: differential

 

VOMITS:

Vestibulitis Ototoxic drugs Meniere's disease Injury Tumor Spin (benign positional vertigo)

Encephalitis: differential

 

HE'S LATIN AMERICAN:

Herpesviridae

Enteroviridae (esp. Polio)

Slow viruses (esp. JC, prions) Syphilis

Legionella/ Lyme disease/ Lymphocytic meningoencephalitis

Aspergillus

Toxoplasmosis

Intracranial pressure

Neisseria meningitidis

Arboviridae

Measles/ Mumps/ Mycobacterium tuberculosis/ Mucor

E. coli

Rabies/ Rubella

Idiopathic

Cryptococcus/ Candida

Abscess

Neoplasm/ Neurocysticercosis Neurocysticercosis should be assumed with recent Latin American immigrant patient unless proven otherwise.