Orthodontia is the branch of dentistry that deals with abnormalities of the teeth and face.
Orthodontia, also known as orthodontics, is a specialty within the field of dentistry that focuses on straightening misaligned teeth and malocclusion. Treating malocclusion, or problems with the bite, is usually accomplished through the use of braces. Another focus of orthodontia is to make a person's smile more attractive by fixing crooked teeth This involves correcting large gaps and making sure that the teeth are properly aligned with the lips. Orthodontia sometimes involves surgery to improve the shape of the jaw.
The focus of orthodontia is on straightening teeth for both functional and cosmetic purposes. After children lose their baby teeth, their adult teeth grow in, but often they grow in at angles that cause problems with biting and chewing. Crooked teeth can also result in problems with spacing between the teeth, making dental hygiene more difficult. Another condition that orthodontics seeks to fix is when the upper jaw and the lower jaw differ in size, resulting in overbite or underbite. Orthodontic treatment is most effective when started early in life, though many adults also seek orthodontic care.
Orthodontic care involves the use of devices, such as braces, to
Most people who receive orthodontic care are kids, but adults get braces, too. In young children, orthodontic treatment may guide proper jaw growth. This can help permanent teeth to come in properly. Straight permanent teeth can help prevent tooth problems later on.
- Straighten teeth
- Correct problems with bite
- Close gaps between teeth
- Align lips and teeth properly
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