Hungary became a Christian kingdom in A.D. 1000 and for many centuries served as a bulwark against Ottoman Turkish expansion in Europe. The kingdom eventually became part of the polyglot Austro-Hungarian Empire, which collapsed during World War I. The country fell under Communist rule following World War II. In 1956, a revolt and an announced withdrawal from the Warsaw Pact were met with a massive military intervention by Moscow. Under the leadership of Janos KADAR in 1968, Hungary began liberalizing its economy, introducing so-called "Goulash Communism." Hungary held its first multiparty elections in 1990 and initiated a free market economy. It joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004. Read More.
The programs of the University of Debrecen Medical School and Health Science Center want to meet the challenges of times. They are comprehensive and encompass the whole human personality -body and soul- in its natural and social surroundings; their approach to the patients is based on the best European humanistic traditions; they are unselfish in their responsibility to the society; their basis is broad professionalism, thus preparing preventive and therapeutic activity based upon co-operation and teamwork.
Within the scope of education, we inspire both students and teachers - according to the possibilities of the free creative spirit due to the university rank - to acquire a high level of professionalism, exactness and problem solving skills, upon which the foundations of specialist training and an independent medical practice can be built, which enables them to absorb the prospective scientific development of the next decades, which facilitates further education and development of their knowledge throughout their life. The interplay of all these factors should ensure their ability of understanding and handling the changing demands of heath service in the various fields of society.
With respect to research, we will continue to acquire, internalize and subsume new knowledge especially concerning the causes, prevention and treatment of diseases, as well as new knowledge aimed at improving, preserving and restoring the healthy condition. Our objective in both the basic and clinical research - in those areas where we have already achieved it - is to remain at the internationally recognized level; on the other hand, we will strive to raise other research teams to that level. Special attention is paid to and support is provided for the co-operation of researchers between basic and clinical research projects, and researchers of interdisciplinary studies.
With respect to therapeutic practice, the objective is to achieve an effective, up-to-date and devoted curing activity, available for each member of the society, which in its quality can serve as a model for other medical institutions of the country. We consider one of its primary tasks to improve the highest standards of diagnostic and therapeutic treatment, and to establish nation-wide and regional profiles.
In service of the community, we want to play a seminal role in shaping the policies of the health service both within the region and in the country. We want to meet the requirements of the region by providing ample supply of doctors, dentists, pharmacists and other experts with university education.
With respect to development of the institute, we strive to develop and reinforce those features and skills of our organizational units, lecturers, collaborators and students which are of vital importance in meeting the challenges of medical education, research and therapy of the 21st century: humanity, empathy, social sensitivity, team-spirit, creativity, professionalism, independence, critical thinking, an ability to innovation, co-operation and management.
The organizational structure of the institution apparently reflected in the multi-faculty construction is a constantly improving, colorful educational environment, in which co-operation is manifest between medical, dental, pharmacentical education and health service/health science college faculties, postgraduate social health educational programs as well as molecular- and medical biologist education. In order to achieve our aims both in the field of tuition and in research we utilize possibilities of integration at the Debrecen and regional institutional level at the same time contributing to its enrichment too.
The history of higher education in Debrecen goes back to the 16th century. The city established the Calvinist College of Debrecen in 1538. The College became soon the most important cultural center of the whole country, where a great number of writers, scientists and politicians received their education.
In the 18th century the schools of Law and Theology were founded and although no separate School of Medicine existed, physicians were also trained in the College.
Today's University Medical School is rooted in this spiritual heritage. The present day Debrecen is also famous for its schools and higher educational establishments. The Medical School of the University of Debrecen is Central Europe's first campus medical school. It was in the year of the millennium (1896) of Hungary's foundation when the establishment of a modern University was decided upon in Debrecen. The University was officially inaugurated on October 23, 1918 and at that time consisted of four faculties: Arts, Science, Theology and Medicine. The Faculty of Medicine became an independent
University Medical School under the supervision of the Ministry of Health in 1951.
The Medical School has 22 departments of basic sciences and 25 clinical departments specializing in various fields e.g. clinical chemistry, internal medicine, surgery, orthopedics, radiology, neurology, neurosurgery, psychiatry, pediatrics, obstetrics and gynecology, cardiology and pulmonology, oto-rhino-laryngology, dermatology, ophthalmology, stomatology and urology. The Medical School serves as the city hospital for Debrecen therefore students of upper terms may also obtain their clinical training here.
Education at Debrecen Medical School is accredited by the World Health Organization, US Department of Education, The State Education Department (NY, USA), Medical Board of California, the General Medicine Council (UK - PLAB exam is compulsory), Medical Councils of Israel, Ireland, Iran and Norway. In most European countries - not listed above - and also in India the diploma of the University of Debrecen, Medical and Health Science Center is accepted for registration purposes; however a qualifying exam is compulsory.
The requirements in the premedical science subjects, biology, physics, chemistry and mathematics are rigorous. It is recommended that students who do not have a thorough knowledge in these subjects or who need a period of preparation prior to beginning the General Medicine, Dentistry of Pharmacy Program join the Basic Medicine Course.
In addition to scientific subjects, courses in Medical English and Hungarian are also included in the program. Students successfully finishing the Premedical Studies Program are directly admitted into the General Medicine program.
Medical studies take six years (ten semesters + 1 year internship). For foreign students the language of instruction is English. However, foreign students are required to learn Hungarian in order to be able to communicate with patients from the third year on. Those students who are fluent in Hungarian may join the Hungarian Program of the Medical School.
BLOCKS AND SUBJECTS
During the first two years the curriculum focuses on theoretical aspects of medicine that lay the foundation for subsequent medical subjects.
In the 3rd year, disciplines exploring the theoretical foundations of diseases, as well as the preliminaries of internal medicine and surgery are taught.
In the 4th and 5th years training in pharmacology begins and the study of clinical subjects continues.
During the 6th and final year students take their final examinations in internal medicine, surgery, gynecology, neurology, psychiatry and pediatrics.
Each final exam is preceded by a two or three month internship period. Students in the final year are required to submit a thesis. The last academic year is concluded with a comprehensive final state examination in which the future medical doctors must demonstrate their competence in the most important practical and theoretical aspects of general medicine. Students having passed all examinations and having successfully defended their theses are granted an M.D. degree.
Required elective courses form a part of the undergraduate training in general medicine. These are, in the Clinical Sciences, based on clinical reality, and practical issues and aspects of direct patient care e.g., patient management, therapeutics and diagnostics. For the Theoretical Sciences these electives are based on aspects of basic research, social sciences, economic and legal sciences.
Dental studies take five years (10 semesters). The five year program at Debrecen has been carefully structured and designed to ensure a high standard of knowledge, skills and responsibility of dental surgeons.
During the 1st year a thorough understanding of the basic medical sciences such as Biophysics, Biochemistry and Genetics is gained and in the second year the program broadens to encompass Anatomy, Histology, Physiology and Behavioral Sciences in topics which are relevant to the practice of Dentistry. Even in the first and second years, special dental subjects (Odontology, Preventive Dentistry, Dental Materials and Technics) are taught.
The main goal of the Faculty of Pharmacy is to improve education and to promote the creation of new courses and educational structures in the interest of creating an ever more rational training program and to gain access to the various fields of the health sciences within the European Union, including pharmacy education. The primary mission of the College of Pharmacy, the University of Debrecen, is to serve the pharmaceutical health care needs of Hungary and foreign countries by educating pharmacists to provide contemporary as well as innovative pharmacy services. The College of Pharmacy offers a dynamic curriculum, which includes a broad base of both didactic and experimental components, enabling the graduate to develop practical skills that will enable him or her to function effectively and efficiently in a changing and challenging health care environment all over the world. Consistent with this mission, contribution to the body of pharmaceutical knowledge through scholarly activity and service are also important goals.
THE FUTURE OF PHARMACY AND PHARMACISTS
Pharmacists are trained in the clinical use and application of drugs, the therapeutic goals of drug use, their formulations, contraindications, adverse effects, and potential for drug interactions. As drugs have become more potent and specific and information more plentiful, pharmacists have assumed a primary responsibility for monitoring drug therapy. Because the professional role of the pharmacist has become integral to modern health care, education in this field is constantly evolving.
Pharmacists are active in primary patient care activities such as hypertension screening, therapy with over-the-counter products, patient profiles, and drug regimens review. They understand the health care needs of specialized patient groups, such as children and the elderly. In addition to a thorough familiarity with the nature of the drugs they work with, pharmacists must also be people-oriented. Their professional training must consider both the medication and the patient, with emphasis on making certain that the patient has the right drug, in the right amount, for the right length of time, and with a minimum of adverse effects. Most pharmacists practice in patient-oriented settings, which include:
Other opportunities for employment of pharmacists exist in the following areas:
As in the other health professions, pharmacy practices are subject to fairly rigorous legal regulatory codes. In Hungary, state laws limit practice to those who have been duly licensed by the state. Qualifications for licensure are:
The College of Pharmacy of Debrecen University has a dual admission program for undergraduate studies, and for a select number of highly motivated, qualified students interested in pursuing both undergraduate and professional studies in Pharmacy and health care related education. Candidates must maintain a specified grade point average and achieve acceptable scores for graduation. This allows the best students to receive their Doctorates (Ph.D.) of Pharmacy within a certain period of time after graduation. This is usually a 3-year period after receiving the undergraduate degree.
The aim of the MSc course in Public Health is to train specialists who are capable of monitoring public health problems and planning, implementing and evaluating interventions to solve them
Short description of the MPH degree of the School of Public Health, University of Debrecen
The educational program of the Master of Public Health corresponds to the needs of public health services and health care policy institutes, and is in line with European accreditation requirements. The program provides Master in Public Health degree after a one-year training course for those having MSc or equivalent degree; the study period is two years for those having BSc degree to obtain the MPH degree. The curriculum covers all the major subfields of public health: biostatistics and epidemiology, environmental health, health promotion, health management, health policy. Writing a thesis is also part of the educational program.
Postgraduate degree (MSc) course in public health
The objective of the MSc course in Public Health is to equip those who have completed their studies with knowledge and skills for
Specialists who have completed their studies at the department will have acquired thorough knowledge in epidemiology, health promotion, health care management, and health care policy.